Pesticide

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Food demand which is growing higher in Malaysia causing many region have been open for vegetables plantation to meet the demand. However, traditional system in vegetable’s plantation (without any chemicals input) can not fulfil the growing demand. As example, pests and diseases which poses the big problem in vegetables production need intensive pest management to control them. Use of chemical pesticides are common practice to control the pests and diseases in vegetables plantation in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. However, besides the benefits, pesticides also have the potential to give dangerous impacts to environment and public health. If not use properly, the pesticides can be poisining toward humans directly, which it can accumulate as residual in food and environment or bring resistivity to pests. These problems can arise from pesticides abuse or too dependent on them, especially if the consumer not realizing the problems. In intensive vegetables production area in Cameron Highlands, there already have some pesticides contamination in water, sediment, plantation and human fluids(Mazlan&Mumford 2005; Ntow et al. 2006). There are also aphids species which already immune to some pesticides, and maybe some pests that already immune toward another pesticides, but has yet to be traced(Ntow et al. 2006). Although pesticides generally considered as problem solution to pests for farmers, farmer’s persception and chemical use were not given full attention. In Cameron Highlands, comprehensive study toward these problems still not yet known. However, farmer’s perception particularly, the risks of pesticides to human health are important thing for some reason: (Warburton et al., 1995) (1) it can influence the results of pesticides use; (2... ... middle of paper ... ...ecial container. Possible symptoms of pesticide poisoning is the most frequently reported headache and nausea (20%). However, different perceptions time of spraying. For respondents in the Terla zone (Figure 5), the spraying performed when the presence of symptoms of damage to crops (27.5%), while in the zone bertam spraying follow the calendar (25.0%). Jadual 4: Distribution patterns of pesticide use and management in the sampling (N = 40) In the figure, the study compares the distribution possibilityof cases due to pesticide poisoning among young (<45 years) and elderly (> 45 years). Young people do not report any poisoning effect after the use of pesticides (10%). While for the elderly reported headaches and nausea, chest pain, and suffering all the symptoms of pesticide poisoning (30%, 2.5% and 2.5%). The distribution of the variables described in figure 6.

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