Peru Research

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Peru is located in western South America and it shares borders with Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador and the South Pacific Ocean. Peru is about 1.28 million square kilometers. There are three major regions in Peru: a narrow coastal belt, the wide Andean mountains and the Amazon Basin. The coast is mostly a desert, but contains Peru's major cities. The Andes has two main ranges - Cordillera Occidental and Oriental. Oriental includes Peru's highest mountain called Huascaran, it a peaks out at 22,200ft. On the east side is the Amazon Basin, a region of tropical lowland, the water there is carried out by the Maranon and Ucayali rivers.
Bird and marine life is pretty abundant along Peru's desert coast, with large colonies of sea lions, Humboldt penguins, flamingos, Peruvian pelicans, Inca terns and the brown booby. Some other birds that are there are the Andean condor, puna ibis and a huge number of different hummingbirds. The highland is home to llamas, alpacas, guanacos and vicunas, while the eastern slopes of the Andes have jaguars, spectacled bears and tapirs. Some of the plant life in the Peru includes pisonayes, q'eofias, alisos, puya palm trees, ferns and more than 90 species of orchids. There are also a variety of beautiful butterflies and insects that are only found in Peru. The huge numbers of wildlife are protected in a system of national parks and reserves with almost 30 areas that take up seven percent of the country.
Peru's climate is mainly divided into two seasons, a wet and a dry, although it kind of depends on the geographic region. The coast and western Andean slopes are generally dry, with the summer falling between December and April. During the rest of the year the sun is rarely seen because of a coastal fog called Garua. In the Andes, the dry season is from May to September and the wet season takes up the rest of the year. On the eastern slopes of the Andes, the drier months are kind of like the highland, though the wet season is more pronounced in January through April.
Spanish is the main language throughout Peru, although most highland Indians are bilingual, with Quechua being their language of choice and Spanish their second. Several small lowland groups speak their own languages. The population is around twenty eight million and consists of mainly Indian’s. Approximately 36 percent of the population lives in thousands of ...

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...d with his beheading in 1572. The next 200 years proved pretty peaceful, until 1965, when a Cuban-inspired guerrilla uprising that was led by the National Liberation Army. They were unsuccessful, but a series of nationwide strikes combined with a violent rebellion by the Maoist Shining Path guerrillas caused political instability in the 1980s. However, the 1990 presidential election of Alberto Fujimori and the capture in 1992 of inspirational leaders has brought a continued period of peace.
Peru’s unique borders helped the country very little from invasion. The mist filled hilly region between the Pacific coast, much of it bordered by high cliffs, and the Andes farther east, helped fend off invaders from the east. The numerous small rivers in the north and the main river that runs down the center may have also helped detour invaders. I think the Incas may have decided to settle in Peru because of its vast beauty, rich lands, abundant resources and diverse regions. It also may have been their down fall, when Francisco Pizarro saw it and wanted to take it over.

Works Cited: www.yourexpedition.com www.peru-explorer.com http://worldfacts.us/Peru-geography.htm www.virtualperu.net

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