Capital punishment has as its aim not only the punishment of criminals but also the prevention of similar crimes. Unfortunately, capital punishment does not in fact deter criminal acts, as most supporters of the death penalty expect. Michael Meltsner points out that "capital punishment was justified as a deterrent to crime, yet the killing [has been] done infrequently and in privacy" (3); these factors lead to the ineffectiveness of capital punishment as a deterrent. The infrequent administration of capital punishment stems from the vast differences in each case and the legal variations among the states that permit capital punishment. Currently, t... ... middle of paper ... ...ne, no matter how heinous the crime.
Most people think that capital punishment has no effect on crime. It also wrongly gives the government the power to kill a human, making it unethical and barbaric. Next, is the possible wrong convictions, in the last 35 years in the U.S., 130 people have been released from death row because they were exonerated by DNA evidence. Unfortunately, DNA evidence is not available in most cases. With the death penalty in place you are guaranteed to occasionally execute an innocent person.
What if people were executed for a crime they did not commit? It is a very sad but realistic scenario. Innocent lives that are lost are a necessary risk to the government to allow the death penalty to be sought. People put their faith in a government that can one day find them guilty of a crime they may or may not have committed and execute them for it. This is one of the many problems that arise with allowing the death penalty to be used as a form of punishment.
That means that many people reach death before they are proven innocent. In the last twenty-four years eighty-five innocent people have been released from death row, and will never get back the years of their lives they missed but just escaped a murder of themselves. In Illinois the governor has blocked executions to find out why more death row inmates have been found innocent and released than executed. The governor of Illinois is not the only one examing the death penalty but many others are looking further into the capital punishment. New technologies, like DNA testing, have made it possible to definitely prove or disapprove innocence in hundreds of cases where genetic evidence has been preserved.
Since 1976 there have been at least 1,392 executions. Since 1983, only 153 people have been exonerated from death row, meaning that 153 people have been released from getting put to death which should happen more often. This should happen more often because people should have a right to explain themselves and at least get a fair trial before getting put to death. Although if they do commit a serious crime and are convicted for it then it is reasonable to punish them by death. At least 10 people have been executed even with serious doubts of whether they committed the crime or not.
Innocent people are found guilty often for actions of someone else. The results of innocent people said to be guilt can cause stress on the families and wrongful death of a human being. b. There are thirty-two states in this world that still support capital punishment. Yet, over 140 people have been exonerated and freed of capital punishment since 1973.
The death penalty should be abolished because it is morally wrong and it is very expensive. Instead, the death penalty sentence should be changed to life in prison. There are many arguments that those who are for the death penalty use. One of the arguments that they use is because it will give the victim’s families closure. “Life in prison just means the criminal is still around to haunt the victim.
There are chances that the system might convict an innocent citizen. There is no way to mend the mistakes we make. “‘We’re only humans, we all make mistakes,”’ (“Capital Punishment”) is a frequently used expression, but is it as true as anything can be. Therefore, the fact that there is a chance of an innocent life to be condemned to death should be enough to abolish the death penalty, but it is not enough for our government. Additionally, according to Amnesty International “‘the death penalty legitimizes an irreversible act of violence by the state and will inevitably claim innocent victims.”’(“Capital Punishment”).
There is no way to know with complete certainty that a trial involving the death penalty will have an accurate and just verdict every time. In fact a study by James S. Liebman and Jeffery Fagan at Columbia University Law School revealed that “two thirds of all capital trials contained serious errors” (Innocence). Furthermore, when the cases were tried again over 80% did not receive a death penalty sentence, and a small percentage was completely acquitted (Innocence). The reasonable alternative punishment for a convicted murderer is a lifetime sentence without the possibility of parole. This guarantees that the violent criminal is removed from society permanently, but if new evidence or technology were to arise proving their innocence the convicted person would still be alive to see the situation resolved, something that would not be possible if he had been wrongly executed.
Killing Is Never Justified Capital punishment, by definition, is the legal killing of an individual. Now, how someone could be killed legally when murder is universally recognized as a violent and serious crime. It is irrevocable, meaning that once an inhabitant of death row pays the ultimate price. The death penalty is corporal punishment in its most severe form and is considered to be the ultimate form of retribution for those who have committed society's most heinous crimes, including rape and murder. Ultimately, Capital punishment is wrong due to the likelihood of error, the unjust racial allocation, and the violation of constitutional rights.