The Aristotelian virtue perspective concludes that one makes a right decision on practical wisdom and practicing the virtues they wish to obtain. Virtue ethics place more emphasis on character traits and behavior rather than analyzing a single act as being right or wrong. One practical guideline is “an action is right if and only if it is what a virtuous agent would characteristically do in the circumstance” (Sevenoaks School). The Ethics of care theory focuses making the interests of those close to them a priority in making the right decision. These decisions should be based upon what is required to maintain these values and relationships.
To make critically thought out and ethically sound decisions, you should evaluate, analyze, and then implement the solution. A framework for ethical decision making was developed and is utilized to provide a guide for ease of use. This Ethical Framework is a product of dialogue and debate of Manuel Velasquez, ... ... middle of paper ... ...ker is in relation to her environment and human development might influence her decision as well. In order to arrive at a sound solution for ethical issues requires critical thinking and analysis. Marian Mattison, (2000) summarized: Keep in mind that the goal of sound ethical reasoning is not to reach the “right” solution but rather to rationally and systematically consider the ethical aspects of a case and to be clear about the basis on which the decision was made.
Ethics are known as understanding what is right and wrong. It means more than just abiding the laws, which include lists of ‘to do’ and ‘not to do’. Every individual responds differently towards ethical behavior. It depends on one’s personal core values to shape their self-identity. (Kerns 2011) With the set of morals and values, it serves as a motivational guide in life, helping one to differentiate what are the appropriate actions to be taken in dealing with ethical issues.
Obligations to Society My personal code of ethics is closely related to utilitarianism. Under utilitarianism, an act is morally right if it is perceive to be useful in yielding good or desirable ends (Pillai & Mukherjee, 2011). This means that individuals having a utilitarian code of ethics seek solutions for the greater good of all parties concerned (Micu, 2012; Nejati & Parnia, 2012; Gerow, Ayyagari, Thatcher, & Roth, 2013). Utilitarianism is divided into two parts, which are rule utilitarianism and act utilitarianism (Paul & Elder, 2006). I find my personal code of ethics have a piece of both types of utilitarian.
Examination and critiquing of moral beliefs and practices involves investigation on specific norms, behaviors and behaviors, then judging them to determine if they are mutually contradictory. Ethics is structured according to the code of conduct of people, including consideration of every person’s opinion. Attempts are then made to establish a fundamental principles and theories that could rationalize and harmonize people’s diverse moral beliefs. Ability to identify the right behaviors are supposed to improve the relationship between people, therefore, making the world a better place. There are two standards of ethics namely organizational ethics and personal ethics.
Respect for Autonomy is when people are allowed to reign over themselves and be able to make choices that apply to their lives. Justice is another principle and it states that ethical theories should have actions that are fair to the people involved. Cognitive Moral Development is basically teaching about ethics education, it teaches people to develop a moral cognizance. During this theory there are six stages there to teach us to move on to a higher level of thinking. Rights are rights set by society that protect and give the highest priority, rights are considered right and valid.
Thus, they will create a habit that may help them to make choices on whether their actions are ethical or not. According to Aristotle’s theorizing of agency, there is a link between ethics and the idea of responsibility to actions performed voluntarily. Based on this explanation, individuals can actually choose their actions assessing which behavior is ethical and which one is not. Individuals live according to moral virtue, which means that they are involved in choosing actions properly. However, there is a moral question that keeps coming up, which is how the individuals choose the right course of action in any given situation.
Contrastingly to both, meta-ethics is the study of the meaning of ethics itself, gauging the meaning of ethical language, and taking into consideration the authority of moral claims and the effects of personal preference. Bearing this in mind, it is possible to note that meta-ethical theory poses questions such as 'Can we define which action is 'good', 'bad', 'right', or 'wrong'?' and again, 'Is it possible to give a definition to 'good', 'bad', 'right', or 'wrong' in themselves?' Admittedly, all four of these words are related from a moral point of view. But, if we could measure 'good' completely and accurately, then we would be able to mea... ... middle of paper ... ...tion.
Ethics and Reality One of the most pervasive problems in theoretical ethics has been the attempt to reconcile the good for the individual with the good for all. It is a problem which appears in contemporary discussions (like those initiated by Alasdair MacIntyre in After Virtue) as a debate between emotivism and rationalism, and in more traditional debates between relativism and absolutism. I believe that a vital cause of this difficulty arises from a failure to ground ethics in metaphysics. It is crucial, it seems to me, to begin with "the way the world is" before we begin to speculate about the way it ought to be. And, the most significant "way the world is" for ethics is that it is individuals in community.
Then I will discuss the requirements of ethical egoism and the difference between ethical egoism general principle of self-interest and the notion of “whatever one wants.” I will then briefly suggest that Ethical Egoism is plausible but show the theory cannot be plausible in the same argument. Furthermore I will discuss the argument against ethical egoism that proves the theory to be arbitrary from the general principle concerning the treatment of others. Lastly I discuss why this arbitrary concept poses a problem for moral theory and reasons in ethics. Ethical Egoism states that we should pursue our best self-interests of the long run. Morally right actions are those, which benefits our-self.