The theme “work and identify” is very strong throughout the story by Kafka especially, as the reader, you start to learn more about the characters and their overall mission as the story progresses and eventually digresses at the end. We also are able to learn more about the author during this story and how he relates to the term existentialist with his writing. When reading the story The Metamorphosis the reader is able to identify how work and identify are themes while realizing what makes the author, Franz Kafka, an existentialist. Existentialism emerged as a movement in twentieth century literature and philosophical works. It described the belief that took the human subject, not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual and his or her conditions of existence.
Therefore, elements of fiction influence the overall meaning of a work. In addition, Meyer says that first we need to distinguish the theme of a story and its subject since they are not the same. For example, many stories share subjects such as death, loneliness, sin, poverty, and many more, but each story express a different view of life in each subject. In order to analyze the theme of a literary work, Meyer has illustrated pointers that readers should apply while reading. These pointers include: paying attention to the title of the s...
Throughout time, works of literature have often carried messages of great social importance. It is essential to understand these significant themes and agendas in order to understand the basis of the novels. Throughout The Prophet’s Hair by Salman Rushdie, War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells and A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess, there is much evidence supporting the idea of social or political ‘warnings,’ one could argue, about the functionality of society and those who govern said societies. The philosophies discovered by the reader (set there purposely by the author) provide the means to the essential bridge between reading literature and understanding the possibilities and comprehending the literature in question.
Comparing these two literary works I will emphasize on what is similar in them. In contrasting I will emphasize on the differences. You may think when first start reading them that they are based on the sam... ... middle of paper ... ...ur text is significant factors that direct us toward the final conclusion of any story. Each story though has similarities are all told from different authors. The differences are what make the literary work unique for the readers.
Historical Criticism is criticism that “considers how military, social, cultural, economic, scientific, intellectual, literary, and every other kind of history helps us to understand the author and the work” (Lynn 142). Simply stated, unlike the previously discussed criticisms, Historical Criticism connects a work to certain times or places, revealing its historical influences. Therefore, the reader is required to perform research in order to learn more about the author’s life, the author’s time period and culture, and the way of reasoning during that time. Accordingly, with a critical eye, the reader should relate the information back to the work which will provide the reader with a richer understanding of the reading as well as with author’s message to the reader (Lynn 29-31). Beyond “close reading”, the reader must research what establishes the foundation of the work.
These environments fashioned how each author regarded the world, and how they put forth these outlooks in writing. In this paper, I will examine how each author interprets his or her world. By looking at the context and wording in passages from each text, I aim to show how their worlds, at times, revealed similarities while other times showed us how different these two worlds were. Looking at the world through an author’s autobiography versus an autobiographical fiction, one finds that most have similar characteristics. For instance, they can encompass both drama and struggles, while the characters can be humorous or serious, formal or informal.
Narratology divides a ‘narrative into story and narration’. (Cohan et al., 1988, p. 53) The three main figures that contribute a considerable amount of research to this theory are Gerard Genette, Aristotle and Vladimir Propp. This essay will focus on how Emily Bronte’s novel Wuthering Heights can be fully appreciated and understood when the theory is applied to the text. Firstly, I will focus on the components of narration Genette identifies that enhance a reader’s experience of the text. Secondly, I will discuss the three key elements in a plot that Aristotle recognises and apply these to Heathcliff’s character.
When reading literature we often attempt to use particular threads of thought or lenses of critique to gain entry into the implied historic or legendary nature of literature. To accurately process a tale in the light in which it is presented, we have to consider the text from multiple viewpoints. We must take into consideration intentional and affective fallacies and the socioeconomic circumstances of the presenter/author/narrator. We also have to consider how our personal experience creates bias by placing the elements of the story into the web of relationships that we use to interpret the external world. There also is the need to factor in other external pressures, from societal norms, cultural ideals, and psychological themes, and how they impress themselves upon us from the outside in.
Narrative perspective and voice is a major aspect of a novella as Jeremy Hawthorn suggests in Studying the Novel, “[s]ource and medium affect the selection, the authority and the attitude towards what is recounted of the narrative” The narrative perspective can be used to shape or in some cases mis-shape the story. Looking at both Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and George Eliot’s Middlemarch, the narrators of these novellas hold a quality of influence over the reader. Through comparing and contrasting how the two different authors have used the narrative perspective to develop their novels, through voice, linguistic register, free indirect discourse and narrative distance in respect to the intimacy of the information shared with the reader. Looking at both Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice and George Eliot’s Middlemarch, the point of view otherwise known as perspective and voice, do contrast one another. Perspective and voice are defined by Hawthorn, as the views of the characters and events in the novella are relatable by human experience, which in turn makes the novella more realistic .
We can analyze causes and effects and we can evaluate social change and social values through Literature. We read about characters confronting life experiences in some way like our own and sometimes find ourselves caught up with the struggles of a character. Each reader gets a new and unique event and the words speak to us now, telling us the truths about human life which are relevant to all times. Literature enriches us by putting words to feelings. The authors of Literature communicate things personally to us, one individual to another.