Nowadays, technology is a dominant feature in the lives of people around the world. Most of daily life activities involve the use of technology which is expanding every day through scientific innovations. However, such innovations do not always occur in every part of the world, but mostly in technologically developed countries, such as South Korea, the USA and Japan. Presently, the development of robotics science has become a subject of considerable attention in those countries. According to Weng, Chen and Sun (2009, 267), “Technocrats from many developed countries, especially Japan and South Korea, are preparing for the human–robot co-existence society that they believe will emerge by 2030.” The word “robot” was introduced in the beginning of 1920th by the Czech playwright Karel Capek from the Czech word “robota”, meaning “forced labor” (Robertson 2007, 373).
Simply put, according to Encyclopædia Britannica , a robot is any automatically operated machine that replaces human effort, though it may not resemble human beings in appearance or perform functions in a humanlike manner . Also, to fit the goal of this paper, a proper definition is needed from the text book that we are currently using, Artificial Intelligence, A Modern Approach, defines a Robot as an active, artificial agent whose environment is the physical world. The active part rules out rocks, the artificial part rules out animals and the physical part rules out pure software agents . In this paper I am going to discuss which are the main tasks that robots can performs and mainly what are robots made of. Generally talking, one would say that to make an autonomous robot from scratch, not too many things are needed.
http://normscott.com/nsdotcomwordpress/?p=248 (assessed November 09th, 2013) Terrence Fonga, Illah Nourbakhsha, Kerstin Dautenhahn, “A Survey of Socially Interactive Robots,” Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 42, no. 3-4 (2003): 144 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092188900200372X
Towards the Ethical Robot. Retrieved November 25, 2013, from andrew.cmu.edu: http://www.andrew.cmu.edu/course/80-136/gips.html The University of Reading. (n.d.). Professor Kevin Warwick. Retrieved November 26, 2013, from The University of Reading: http://www.kevinwarwick.com/index.asp University of Cambridge.
Embedded system highly contribute to robotic control.ARM controller is an advanced controller to operate a robot at various operations. Different types of robots are there such as Fixed Sequence Robot, Variable Sequence Robot, Playback Robot, Numerical Control Robot, and Intelligent Robot. Proposed system we are using the intelligent robot of surveillanc... ... middle of paper ... ...attern Recognition,” IEEE Sensors J., vol. 6, no. 5, pp.
Isaac Asimov’s (1920-1992) book I, Robot started the recent interest in robots and this interest has been fostered by recent movies that glamorize robots, i.e. Star Wars and Bicentennial Man. The word robot has become an everyday word in our vocabulary and everyday there is news of additional ways that robots can assist us. There is a growing trend of using robots to perform more and more complex tasks, as computers get more powerful so do robots. Is there a time when we will receive diminishing return from the use of additional robots?
Figure 3 – Spherical robot manipulator. (International Journal of Reconfigurable Computing, Volume 2010)  184.108.40.206 SCARA Robots. As mentioned in the Robotworx.com  these types of robots are used for assembly purposes and SCARA means Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm. Following figure 4 shows the kinematic diagram of SCARA
The development of autonomous robots have transformed all the way from the Exoskeleton, low autonomy, Roomba, high autonomy on lower scale, Aismo, high autonomy on a medium scale, to a self-automated driving car, high autonomy on a larger scale. Engineers have developed traits SPECIFIC TRAITS that enable autonomous robots to interact with humans. Autonomous robots range from military drones, remote-controlled pilotless aircraft, to the Octavia robot that mimics every facial movement. According to Autonomous Robots, autonomous robots are defined as “intelligent machines capable of performing tasks in the world by themselves, without explicit human control over their movements.” Autonomous robots are designed to last for extended periods of time, and be able to think, sense, and act in any environment. There are some elements that are needed for an autonomous robot: pneumatics, hydraulic actuators, electromagnetic actuators, stepper motors, vision, touch, linkages, and sensors (Bekey 55-67).