Guillain Barre Syndrome A rare and severe disease, Guillain Barre Syndrome, often occurs after an acute infectious procedure. Guillain Barre Syndrome affects the peripheral nervous system. Normally, it is an acute form of paralysis in the lower body area that moves to the upper limbs and face. Over time, the patient will lose all his reflexes and goes through a complete body paralysis, unless maintained in a prompt manner. Guillain Barre Syndrome is a life threatening disorder and needs timely treatment
What is myelin sheath? A typical nerve consists of dendrites, axons, a cell body, terminal buttons and myelin sheaths. Dendrites gather information from the environment and the stimulus is gathered in the cell body. The axons of a nerve function to carry nerve impulses from the body to another nerve. Spaces in between myelin sheaths in axons, where electrical impulses travel, are called Nodes of Ranvier. The myelin sheath, also called medullary sheath, is a modified plasma membrane formed by layers
The first type of anesthetic is local anesthesia which will only numb a small portion of the body during minor procedures. This type of anesthesia is injected directly to the surgical site to block any pain and patients are normally conscious during the procedure. Regional anesthesia is used to block pain from larger areas of the body and have two common methods of usage.
Doctor: “There is an option to stay awake for the procedure. What would you prefer?” Patient: “Well, I don’t know doctor. Which would you choose?” It’s a difficult question. The literature has shown that each to have their benefits but also disadvantages. Several considerations should be taken into account such as the co-morbidities of the patient, the type and duration of the surgery, experience of the anaesthetist and patient preference – some patients may rather be asleep; some theatre personnel
Are your eyes playing tricks on you? A review of Anatomy Have you ever wondered how your eyes worked? How you see things? How colors appear to you? And what you actually aren’t seeing? There are many different ways our eyes work, and thankfully everyone’s eyes are different in their own way. Doctors today are still finding out new things about how our eyes work, and new ways to fix our eyes so we can see better, or even fix little in corrections our eyes make. Have you ever looked at an object in
to have a general understanding of the nervous system. The human nervous system is composed of the central nervous system (CNS), which consists of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system (PNS), which includes all the neural tissue outside the CNS. PNS is composed of two basic types of neurons (nerve cells): motor neurons and sensory neurons. Motor neurons, the target of LES, are used to send signals from the CNS to the body to stimulate a reaction. The most important of these
enter the body in ingested food. One of electrolytes, I would like to discuss in this paper is sodium. I choose sodium electrolyte because our bodies use sodium to control blood volume and blood pressure. Sodium is also needed for our muscles and nerves to work properly. Electrolytes levels in our bodies can become too high or low. That usually happen when the amount of water in our bodies changes, causing dehydration or over-hydration. To understanding more about sodium level, I explain more about
at first it was assumed it was a stroke, but as his illness progressed it was apparent it was not. The numbness soon led to the loss of muscle control beginning at his legs and rapidly spreading up. My grandfather was able to specifically describe what he was experiencing and the doctor was able to diagnose him with Guillain- Barré syndrome. Guillain - Barré Syndrome (GBS) considered an autoim...
systems. Mitochondrial diseases of the central nervous system or the peripheral nervous system usually show the stereotypical childhood symptoms, such as “developmental delay or regression, seizures, and movement disorders.” In adult-onset mitochondrial disease, symptoms would instead involve stroke or stroke-like episodes. Symptomatic or nonsymptomatic peripheral neuropathy may be revealed upon “phys¬ical examination or through nerve conduction studies.” Due to mitochondrial maladies within the auditory
skin)”(Jones). A person may be awake or sedated when given local anesthesia. This depends on the extent of what is needed during the surgery. Local anesthesia has been used for over 120 years in the United States and “an estimated 300 million anesthetic carpules are used each year”(Mayo Clinic Staff, 2013). In 1884, William Halsted used a local injection of cocaine that was the first peripheral nerve block in medicine. While cocaine is no longer used some of Halsted’s methods are still taught in dental schools