Diabetes also plays a role: increased risk of infection could allow the gums to become infected. Diets containing lots of sugar and acids take their toll on the mouth. The acids create holes in the teeth. This decay can easily spread to the rest of the tooth and other teeth if proper brushing techniques are not used.
Gingivitis is a type of periodontal disease and is when the gums are inflamed. The gums in the teeth destroy the tissues because of the inflammation and infection known as periodontal disease (MedlinePlus n. pag.). Gingivitis typically precedes periodontitis but it is important to understand that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis (“Gum Disease” n. pag.).
Periodontal Disease Periodontal disease is more commonly known as gum disease or gingivitis. This infection is serious enough, that it can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. This chronic infection starts around the tooth and it affects the supporting bone and gums. Periodontal disease can affect anywhere from one tooth to all thirty-two teeth. The disease pathology starts with the plaque that builds up on your teeth everyday.
Noma causes tissue deterioration. The gums and lining of the cheeks become inflamed and develop ulcers that develop bad smelling drainage, that cause bad breath and foul smelling skin. The infection spreads through the skin, and the tissues in the lips and cheeks deteriorate. Eventually destruction of the bones cause deformity and tooth loss. If left untreated, the disease can become fatal.
Periodontitis is the gum disease that was left untreated and it can lead to severe damage. When gingivitis advances to periodontitis, periodontitis makes the gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces. The spaces sort of like gaps, are more prone for it to get infected with bacteria. When the bacteria grow below the gum line, the body tries to fight off the infection. The body might break down the bone and the connective tissue that holds the teeth because the bacteria might grow in the tissue.
Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial infection in the teeth causing inflammation in gum. Types of periodontal disease include gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is characterized by red, swollen and gum that easily bleeds, caused by poor oral hygiene. Periodontitis is an advanced gingivitis that goes for a long time without being treated. It is caused by accumulation of plaque on the teeth surface that spread to gum surface.
The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene, which encourages plaque to form on teeth, causing inflammation of the surrounding gum tissue that can also cause bleeding of the gums. If gingivitis is left untreated it can turn into periodontitis, which is the second stage of gum disease and more serious.
Periodontal diseases are infections of the structures around the teeth. These structures include the gums, the root, the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. The earliest stage of periodontal disease is called “gingivitis”. Gingivitis is an infection that affects the gums. In more severe forms of the disease, all of the supporting tissues are involved (Aetna Inc., 2013).
When someone lacks to take the proper steps to maintaining good oral health, bacteria will start to from. Poor oral health can cause serious illness to attack the blood stream. The bacteria that gum disease is cause from plaque build up. Gum disease can cause the gums to turn black. “Gum Disease was report to be leading cause to other health problems” (American Dental Hygienist Association).