All of these have controversy surrounding them, whether we as a country knew they were going to happen or if they had been prepared by us. In the case of Pearl Harbor, there are some who say that FDR knew about the attack. Tyler Kent, a code clerk at the US embassy in London found out that FDR had told Churchill he wanted to get America into the war (Perloff). The US was trying to get America involved in the war and was going to certain measurements to do so like helping England with supplies and freezing Germany’s assets, trying to get Germany to retaliate and make the first move to get America in the war without making it obvious to the people (Perloff). According to James Perloff, “the key to a successful attack and get America into the war was to keep Kimmel out of the intelligence loop.” Earlier in the year of the attack the United States had broken the diplomatic code of the Japanese called “Purple” which seemed to help out with the intentions of the Japanese (Perloff).
Whole populations had been marshalled to serve their countries war efforts1. All these came to an end when on 11 November 1918, Germany finally agreed to sign an armistice. What is very important to know, is that this armistice was actually based on United States’ President Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points”. However, the Treaty of Versailles, sharply differed from Wilson’s points, and Germany, who felt betrayed, denounced the treaty as “morally invalid.” Henig claimed that the fact that it did not survive the 1920s intact stemmed, not so much from the terms of the peace treaties themselves but from the reluctance of political leaders in the inter-war period to enforce them2. Overall, the Treaty of Versailles was flawed to the extent that instead of preventing future wars it made a future war inevitable!
The nation proceeded to declare war on Japan. Then, because of the alliance between Germany and Japan, Germany declared war on the U.S. At the time, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was president. From the beginning of his presidency and the start of the war, he had wanted to get involved with the war. Historians have debated for many years who is at fault for the attack on Pearl Harbor and causing the deaths of two thousand Americans. He believed that without the United States aid, Russia and England would collapse, and the United States government had broken a diplomatic code and intercepted a message from Japan threatening war.
He also feared that if Germany conquered Europe it would plunge the world into a nightmare. Exactly fourteen months before the attack on Pearl Harbor a Lieutenant Commander recommended that the U.S. provoke Japan into attacking America so that American could enter World War II. Some researchers say Roosevelt knew of the attack on Pearl Harbor before it occurred. These Smith 2 researchers believe that he sent false information to Hawaii about the location of the Japanese fleet. Roosevelt also told the Commanders on base that negotiations between the U.S. and Japan were being discussed and there was not going to be a war (Bachrach).
Pearl Harbor: Isolationism It is a common held belief that America has historically been a nation driven by the ideology of isolationism. The best cases for these arguments are through our unwillingness to participate in either world war. The lynch pin being the events that happened in Pearl Harbor. I will try to dispel this theory in my essay. On December 7th, 1941 war was forced upon America by the Japanese assault on Peal Harbor, and declarations of war by Germany and Italy four days later.
I am going to focuse on the relations between the United States and the Japanese after W.W.I and Pearl Harbor. There were a few incidents out of this book that I felt were very interesting that helped contribute to the United States and Japanese mistrusts and miscalculations over the next twent or thirty years until the relations ended up in war after the surprising terriblr=e terrorist bombing of Pearl Harbor. Thus, causing the start of World War II. The first incident that I wanted to discuss out of this book took place in 1922. In 1922 the big powers (which were all European except the United States and Japan from a treaty at a Washington Conference.)
Pearl Harbor is easily one of the most disastrous events that occurred on American soil. It was a deliberate attack against the United States from Japan. Before December 7, 1941 when Pearl Harbor was attacked, America had decided not to get involved in European affairs, which included the beginning of World War II. However, once the United States saw how much Britain and the Soviet Union were suffering from fighting with the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan), America felt obligated to help in some way to help without actually entering the war. Weapons, money, and food were sent over seas to help aid them in any way it could.
On April 2, 1917, Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war to make the world “safe for democracy.” However, there is still heated and debated argument going on: Could America’s involvement in Word War One been avoided by President Wilson? There are several reasons why President Wilson could not avoid getting America involved in WWI. The Germans attacked boats holding American civilians, America was threatened by Germany and the allies would have lost. For the first few years of WWI, America made sure to stay out of the way. However when the German’s attacked and destroyed the Lusitania, and other ships, carrying American civilians, many American’s were in an uproar about the American deaths and knew something had to be done to stop the Germans.
I feel as if the Treaty was a failure due to the war only 30 years later. The treaty has direct correlations, with the overall issues starting the war. If Germany had gone to the negotiations, then maybe the war would not had happened. The economic issue with Germany, was not helped by the treaty, and even the makers saw that. They thought it would push Germany Bolshevism.
Pearl Harbor And How It Came About By the year 1941, WWII was in full effect. Germany seemed to be the victor, gaining control of France and Poland as well as successfully bombing England. Many people believe that Germany would have indeed won the war if not for the intervention of the United States. Because of the horror Americans had witnessed in WWI, the United States did not originally want to get involved in the conflict. In the early morning of December 7th, 1941 all that changed when the Japanese air fleet scattered in the Pacific Ocean bombed Pearl Harbor.