By the end of 1940, the United States had ended the shipment of scrap metal, oil, steel, and iron ore to Japan (ushistory.org). Limiting japan’s resources became known as the plan’s Achilles’ heel. Japan needed to find a new source of resources for the war and decided to advance into Malaya and the Dutch East Indies. However, the Japanese had a second reason to attack. Previously, the United States Naval Base was located in the Atlantic and the move to Hawaii posed a threat to Japan.
American Military officials also captured secret messages from Japan to Berlin saying that Japan is planning a direct attack on the US unless they change their policy. However, they didn’t know where and how the attack would occur. The surprise attack turned out to be a launch on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. This angered American to the extent that the US declared war on Japan the next day. Even though the US favored neutrality, the United States was forced to enter war.
Roosevelt did this in fear of Japan possibly becoming strong enough to challenge America. Now anger was steaming in Japan and they were devising a plan that would cripple America forcing them to get involved in foreign affairs. Yomamoto the military leader for Japan, devised a plan in 1940 to devastate America by taking out Pearl Harbor. The last straw for Japan was when FDR cut off all supplies to Japan this is when Japan devised their plans to take out the U.S. Navy. In 1939 Roosevelt ended the 1911 commercial treaty.
The Japanese kept on pushing North Americas buttons. When the Japanese occupied Manchuria that really ticked off North America, it was a very bad move by the Japanese, FDR was not very happy with Japan’s aggression against the Chinese. In result FDR froze all raw materials going to Japan. Oil was the biggest export material going into Japan, taking that away really shook Japan’s economy. Japan really planned and implemented the attack on Pearl Harbor.
In my report, I would like to tell you of the events leading up to the day of the attack on Pearl Harbor and subsequent events. In 1937, Japan invaded China and began waging a war on them. Since Japan was militaristic, the official head of the Japanese government did not have real power. Instead, the reins of power were held by military officials. Military leaders convinced Japanese people that they were under divine protection and could not be defeated.
Japan started trying to take over Asia, they landed in the east coast of China in Manchuria and stationed troops there in order to try and take over northeastern China. ("Japan Launches A Surprise Attack on Pearl Harbor: December 7, 1941"). In reaction to Japan’s landing and hostility towards China the United States, who wanted to keep the open-door policy with China, placed economic sanctions of Japan to slow down Japan’s advances in China. (Higgs). President Roosevelt hoped that these sanctions that the united states put on Japan would lead them to making the mistake of declaring war on the United States (which would also bring Italy and Germany into the attack too since they were all allied) the reason why Roosevelt would want to go to war was that Roosevelt didn’t like the Japanese and the Germans.
In the early morning of December 7th, 1941 all that changed when the Japanese air fleet scattered in the Pacific Ocean bombed Pearl Harbor. In September of 1940 Japan entered in alliance with Germany and Italy. The Japanese were in need of natural resources found in Southeast Asian countries newly conquered by Germany. Around the same time in the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to halt German and Japanese expansion but was urged by other government officials to leave the situation as it was. Japan feared America's reaction to their plans to seize Southeast Asia, yet did not let that fear get in their way.
In 1931 Japan conquered Manchuria, which was part of China and began an unsuccessful campaign to take over the rest of China. Japan allied themselves with Nazi Germany in 1940. At that time the U.S. had economic and political interests in East Asia. The U.S. added China with financial and military help along with strengthening its own military presence in the Pacific. They cut off shipments of raw materials and oil to Japan.
They had started attacking and invading countries, to include China. With these actions happening the U.S. started restricting trade with Japan. We were trying to do our part on stopping Japan from attacking and invading countries. President Roosevelt hoped that the economic sanctions would deter Japanese aggression. But in July 1941, Japanese troops occupied the remainder of Indochina.
The embargo kept Japan from receiving materials that were needed to conquer new territory such as steel and aviation fuel. The embargo was set in place by the United States in the hopes of stopping Japan's aggression. With the embargo weakening Japan they needed a plan. “In 19... ... middle of paper ... ...s and looked prison like. “Two years after signing Executive Order 9066, Japanese Americans were set free of the camps.