They decided to launch a sneak attack on Pearl Harbor knowing that by destroying America’s Pacific fleet, the U.S. would not be able to fight back, and they would have to surrender. In the months before the attack on United States bases in the Pacific, the young Japanese men trained rigorously for service in their country’s air forces. Several factors prevented the American command from ant... ... middle of paper ... ... at all. Soon after the surprise attack, on September 8, President Roosevelt asked Congress for a declaration of war. They agreed with an overwhelming vote for war, and Roosevelt soon addressed America: “Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly attacked by naval and air forces of the empire of Japan.” Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S., and the U.S. declared war on Italy and Germany.
He also feared that if Germany conquered Europe it would plunge the world into a nightmare. Exactly fourteen months before the attack on Pearl Harbor a Lieutenant Commander recommended that the U.S. provoke Japan into attacking America so that American could enter World War II. Some researchers say Roosevelt knew of the attack on Pearl Harbor before it occurred. These Smith 2 researchers believe that he sent false information to Hawaii about the location of the Japanese fleet. Roosevelt also told the Commanders on base that negotiations between the U.S. and Japan were being discussed and there was not going to be a war (Bachrach).
(“Pearl Harbor Attack.”) Although Pearl Harbor was the main naval base to be attacked on December 7th 1941, it was not the only base attacked, the Japanese government launched an attack against Malaya, and Japanese forces also attacked Hong Kong, Guam, the Philippine Islands, Wake Island and Midway Island. (Rose 213-215). The Japanese attacking these islands were important because they were allies to the United States and also if Japan was to take over these islands they would have a lot of control of the Pacific and of course the United States didn’t want this to happen. So the Americans knew that they didn’t have many options other than engaging into war with Japan, which lead to the United States joining World War II.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt is at fault for the bombing at Pearl Harbor. Not only did he fear that Russia and Great Britain would fall without U.S. aid, or break a diplomatic code, or intercept a message providing information about the attack, he did nothing to prevent it. There were numerous occasions when FDR had the opportunity to listen to the American people and not get involved in the European conflict. Instead, Roosevelt jumped on the opportunity to fight in the Second World War.
President Roosevelt hoped that these sanctions that the United States put on Japan would lead them to making the mistake of declaring war on the United States (which would also bring Italy and Germany into the attack too since they were all allied) the reason why Rooseve... ... middle of paper ... ..., 1986. Print. Trefousse, Hans L. What Happened at Pearl Harbor? Documents Pertaining to the Japanese Attack of December 7, 1941, and Its Background. New York: Twayne, 1958.
American Military officials also captured secret messages from Japan to Berlin saying that Japan is planning a direct attack on the US unless they change their policy. However, they didn’t know where and how the attack would occur. The surprise attack turned out to be a launch on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. This angered American to the extent that the US declared war on Japan the next day. Even though the US favored neutrality, the United States was forced to enter war.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was one of the biggest offenses on the United States of America and was the trigger for the United States to jump into War World II. The United States had been in a period of isolation for the duration of the war up until the point of the attack. The Japanese had been making advances in the Pacific which was making the Roosevelt administration very uncomfortable. On the day of the attack more than just the harbor was attacked, from air fields to bases the island of Oahu was busted up. Franklin D. Roosevelt had been campaigning isolation and staying out of the war for good, but some historians and a large number of Americans believe that he knew about the attack.
He explained how the attacks had to have been planned weeks in advance, but during that time Japan acted as if they were making peace with the United States. Roosevelt reported the damages and losses that the nation suffered due to the attacks. He explained what actions would be taken to defend the country, and what they would do to ensure this would never happen again. The purpose of his speech was to request Congress to declare war against Japan while displaying the confidence to assure the nation that event... ... middle of paper ... ...made the country want to fight back, but he also used the right words to give America hope. Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation was successful because he declared war on Japan without instilling too much fear on the nation.
On the other side, the US demanded the withdraw of Japanese troops from Indochina and China. All of this became irrelevant by mid-October. Japan’s new premier, General Tojo Hideki secretly set November 29, 1941 as the last day Japan would accept a settlement with the United States without war. Since the deadline was kept secret, it meant war was almost certain. The Japanese felt very confident with their plans for war.
It took only an hour for the congress to convene with a ruling and declared war on the Empire of Japan. However compelling the President’s speech was, and however right the American people felt they were, this war would test their will and resolve. However it takes multiple generations and time for history to gain an objective opinion on whether the actions made by the U.S. and its allies would constitute a “Just” war. For this to be decid... ... middle of paper ... ...th the right intentions and sometimes take focus on the means justifying the end. Such as the fire bombings of Tokyo and Dresden; or the Nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.