Midway, the Battle That Ultimately Doomed Japan in WWII By: John King Could a loss at Midway have cost America the Pacific, and led to WWII ending in a different way? The Battle of Midway is know as the turning point of the war in the Pacific. It turned the tables and put the United States into an offensive position. Midway was one, if not the, most important battle of World War II because of the background,strategies, battle tactics, and most importantly the outcome and effects of this battle. “Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 – a date which will live in infamy – the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” These words were spoken the day after the bombing of Pearl Harbor by the President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Not only the United States, but the world was affected that day. It had been decided that after World War I, that the United States did not want to get involved in any more foreign affairs. America had become an isolationist country which was unusual for us. Even as the first few invasions of World War II took place, the United States still did not jump in on the action mainly for the reason on how devastating the results were from the First World War. To make apparent the fact that America was an isolationist country, several policies came into effect.
The attack on Pearl Harbor left the U.S. with no choice but to join World War II (“Japanese Bombs Pearl Harbor.” Pearl Harbor.). The attack on Pearl Harbor was very deadly and very destructive. To the untrained Smith 4 eye this attack was a surprise, but to a mastermind like Roosevelt it was not a surprise attack. Researchers believe that he wanted to enter the war for many reasons; therefore, a commander suggested Roosevelt to provoke an attack from Japan. The plan resulted in America winning World War II, but also resulted in the loss of many American citizens.
War support B. Eight-step plan III. Neglected warning signs near Pearl Harbor soon before the attack A. Midget subs B. Radar detecting The attack on Pearl Harbor has been known to be a complete surprise. Whenever one thinks about it, they consider that it was. They may think that it was a total surprise except for a few small warning signs that our government seems to have ignored.
My personal opinion that I will be writing about is an argument against the use of the Atomic Bomb. December 7, 1941 was the day Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor was a American naval base near Honolulu, Hawaii. Concerned over Japan’s actions, the US, Netherlands and Great Britain froze Japanese assets in their countries cutting off 90% of raw materials. By December, 194l the Japanese Army had a force of 2,400,000 trained ground troops and an air fleet of 7,500 planes.
They decided to launch a sneak attack on Pearl Harbor knowing that by destroying America’s Pacific fleet, the U.S. would not be able to fight back, and they would have to surrender. In the months before the attack on United States bases in the Pacific, the young Japanese men trained rigorously for service in their country’s air forces. Several factors prevented the American command from ant... ... middle of paper ... ... at all. Soon after the surprise attack, on September 8, President Roosevelt asked Congress for a declaration of war. They agreed with an overwhelming vote for war, and Roosevelt soon addressed America: “Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly attacked by naval and air forces of the empire of Japan.” Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S., and the U.S. declared war on Italy and Germany.
President Roosevelt stated, “Yesterday, December 7, 1941-- a date which will live in infamy--the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan…. Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation. As commander in chief of the Army and Navy I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense….I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire,”¹ Pearl Harbor was arranged by President Roosevelt in 1941, his first order inclosing duty to bring forth the new ships and diminish all carriers.
During World War II, The Japanese-Americans were withheld from their rights and were forced to leave their homes and relocate to internment camps. During this time, America did not uphold their responsibilities, as the Japanese-Americans were not treated equally. On the day of the attack, Japan succeeded with their plan of “surprise.” The United States had “ no defenses and many of their guns were not loaded” (Keegan 255). Although they saw many aircrafts approaching through the radar that was installed at the harbor, the Americans thought nothing of it (Keegan 254). Because of the unexpected Japanese move, the United States suffered greatly on December 7, 1941; Japan successfully sank and damaged 18 US ships, 8 battleships, and 180 planes.
The intelligence failures of Pearl Harbor led to the biggest war disaster in the United States history. On the morning of December 7, 1941, the United States Naval Base in Pearl Harbor was “surprised” attacked by the Japanese. The Japanese launched an all out offensive. For two hours, 21 American Naval Ships were damaged or sunk, more than 2,400 Americans were killed, and 188 United States aircrafts were destroyed. The following day, the United States disregarded their policy of isolationism with Japan and declared war against them .
An unavoidable conundrum. To play it safe, or be the enemy? Following the jolting attack on Pearl Harbor, a great deal of Americans believed that the Japanese Americans, also called Nikkei, were untrustworthy and associated with the enemy. Rumors flew that the Nikkei exchanged military information and had obtained secret connections. However, these claims were never brought to light, and to this day simply remain rumors.