They were not permitted to participate in politics. Japan was shut off from all contact with the rest of the world. However, they were open to trade with China and also with Dutch merchants. The only reason that Japan was open to trade with the Dutch merchants was because of their relationship with the Netherlands. The Dutch merchants had asked for consent from the Tokugawa shoguns to acquire trading rights with Japan, and they had to vow that no merchants would travel inland.
Any occupying force establishing a new Constitution, with or without concurrence of the defeated government, faces the primary challenge of gaining popular acceptance. The Military Government teams, who provided direction and advice, “paralleled Japanese governmental organizations… [and] were identified wi... ... middle of paper ... ...ng a strong responsible power in the Pacific. The lessons learned in rebuilding Japan apply to current and future post-conflict efforts. The U.S. continues to reap the benefits of success in Japanese reconstruction, and Japan remains the closest U.S. ally in the Western. Pacific.
The first being; The emperor was restored to power and allowed to rule on his own again, unhindered by a SHOGUN, hence the name Restoration. The second was that the country modernized, and joined the outside world. This meant that the young Emperor at the time, Mutsuhito was given back his rightful place as the ruler of Japan. Mutsuhito’s period of rule was to become kno... ... middle of paper ... ...vailable. The introduction of modern technology to Japan saw the nations complete modernization and transformation from Sir Rutherford Alcock’s view of Japan being a “ distant and puny adversary” to a modern, powerful nation.
Prior to the beginning of the Meiji regime in 1868, Japan was under the feudal rule of the Tokugawa Bakufu. For over 200 years the Tokugawa rulers kept Japan under a strict ‘closed country’ policy, out of fear that opening the country would allow dissemination of the corrupt ideas of Christianity and the possibility for Western alliance with Japanese dissidents . This seclusion meant that Japan was significantly cut off from the rest Asia and the world, only trading exclusively with the Dutch. Japanese citizens were prevented from leaving the country “on pain of death” and any western material was thoroughly scrutinized and censored before being allowed to enter the country . Despite the restricted resources available from the West, there was a strong belief that Japan “must study what the West had to teach in a variety of fields” .
Before Commodore Matthew Perry’s expedition, Japan was mostly isolated from outside influences with the exception of China and some minimal Dutch interaction. Due to this extreme isolation, Japan as a nation was weak and primitive comparatively. However, once Japan was forced to open up to the West, they recognized the urgency for their nation’s military and technological advancement. From abolishing the Samurai class, opening opportunities for former peasants to advance and grow, to building modern industries, the Japanese made necessary changes in pursuit of becoming a world power. The Japanese also sent their people to America and Europe to study the different nations’ military organizations and strategies observe how they spread colonies around the world, and they especially learned from China’s fate and made sure to avoid becoming just another colony beneath one of the European powers or America.
When the Meiji period ended with the Emperor's death in 1912, Japan was a well-developed nation with a constitutional monarchy, an elected government, a strong economy, a powerful military and a well educated population. The Meiji Restoration allowed Japan to modernise and adopt the ideas, technologies, and social, political and economic systems of the Western world. Some of the major changes that happened to the political system during the Meiji period was the introduction of the Imperial Charter Oath and the Meiji Constitution. The Imperial Charter Oath of April 1868 was a document that officially declared the breakaway from the old feudal system. The fifth provision which stated, “Knowledge shall be sought throughout the world so as to strengthen the foundations of imperial rule,” is perhaps the most important because it officially opened Japan to the world.
In his report dated the same day, General MacArthur said the following: “Today the Japanese armed forces throughout Japan completed their demobilization and ceased to exist as such. These forces are now completely abolished. I know of no demobilization in history, either in war or peace, by our own or any other country, that has been accomplished so rapidly or so frictionlessly. Everything military, naval or air is forbidden to Japan” (Headquarters 1) The United States disarmed Japan to guarantee its war objective: That Japan never again become a threat to the United States. As one considers how this affected the state of affairs in postwar Asia, however, it could be viewed as a significant mistake.
In 1905 Japan won the Russo-Japanese War, defeating their biggest rival for claim over Korea. The Eulsa Treaty was signed that same year, making Korea a protectorate of Japan. Gojong was forced to appoint the Crown Prince Sunjong as regent, and the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty was signed in 1910. Japanese colonial rule had a large influence on Korea’s society and culture in the early twentieth century. However, although Japanese colonial rule set some framework for Korea’s political and economic modernization, Korea’s own people and the United States of America had a bigger influence.
The Emperor was technically the leader of Japan, but he had little actual power. Regents, court nobles, and shoguns usually ruled. During the 17th century, traders from some European countries such as Portugal and Spain and Christian missionaries were banned from Japan, because the shogonate suspected that they were part of a military conquest. Japan also banned relations with the outside world, except for Dutch and Chinese merchants. Japan’s isolation from the rest of the world lasted for 251 years, until Commodore Matthew Perry forced Japan to bring a stop to the isolation and open Japan to the west.
Japan feared America's reaction to their plans to seize Southeast Asia, yet did not let that fear get in their way. Japan completed their control of Indochina by seizing the southern half. The American government answered back by placing an embargo on oil shipments heading for Japan. The Japanese viewed this as an act of war, for they knew their military and industrial forces would not last long with out oil. The United States tried to resolve their differences with Japan, throughout 1941.