The reform era transitioned into the community era of policing due to the reform era not being able to handle the socially changing landscape. In the community era of policing, police officers are about problem-solving and engaging the community members. What works in the community era of policing is the relationships built within the community and the changing approach of crime prevention instead of a reactive approach. What does not working is officer safety is more crucial because of officers
The organization that I have come up with is called the MPPR, the Misuse of Police Power Recognition. It is important that the first step to solving the problem we have is for the police is to recognize what is going on. We need to recognize that what some police men are doing is wrong and put a stop to it. One major thing that could help stop the abuse would be to talk to the police officers advisers. Most of the time they do not know what is going on around their precinct because it happens behind their back.
A lack of these vital communications skills results in poor understanding, an officer not knowing how to proceed, and people who need police assistance giving up. Officers must also consider how communication might affect a community’s reaction. It is obvious that these traits are very important for optimal police work. Experiences show that people react more calmly and cooperatively when police officers treat them well. Therefore, good communication is needed in order to make the jobs of police officers easier and more positive.
As police administration have to look at the issue and what way to try to correct the situation. One of the ethical issues dealing with law enforcement today is when using discretion when stereotyping/profiling. There has been many discussing of police discretion. Perez and Moore (2013) stated that an officer uses of discretion is very important to the community and the justice system. If officer use of discretion is not seen as fair it can cause problems with administration and citizens.
Operational Styles like the Preventive Patrol and Emergency Response are used to stop crime. Just like the Watchmen Police style. These styles may influence officers to use deadly force to deal with the situation they are put in. The operational styles like Criminal Investigation, Problem Solving, and Routine Incident Response and the Police Styles of Legalistic and Service Style influence officers to be helpers of the community. They are more likely to use reasonable force because stopping crime is not their objective.
Overall, I feel that reducing the fear of crime is one of the most important roles of a police officer because fear negatively affects every part of the quality of life in our communities. People decide where they are going to live, work, and send their kids to schools based on the presence of safety in that community. Although it is important for police officers to keep people safe it is also vital that they feel safe. In order to reduce the fear of crime police departments have to be able to measure and analyze it. Police departments need to go out and talk to the communities and listen to their concerns, they need to do neighborhood surveys.
There are many controversial issues related to policing. One that sticks out is police discretion. Police Discretion is the exercise of individual choices or judgments that police officers have concerning possible courses of action (Cox, p. 227). Saying that police Discretion needs to be abolished is an unrealistic goal, but better supervision of patrol officers and better departments policies and procedures on the use of discretion is something that we can try to achieve. Police discretion is usually more seen in minor crimes (Ross, p. 98).
This is necessary to make sure that the needs of society are actually being met. When police departments ignore the needs and wants of society and only focus on the technologies to do their job, they are missing the most important need, to serve the community. This could result in not putting enough emphasis in crime reduction or keeping up a strong relationship with the citizens. There is also a connection with police officers treating citizens the way citizens react towards them. If the citizens feel they are not being served and begin a negative treatment towards law enforcement, then law enforcement may return bad behavior.
The goal in these areas is to plainly contain the chaos using a hybrid form of community policing. Areas such as skid-row are filled with people that are without the ability to function in normal society, and simply the fact that they exist is offensive to those that do operate within the normal realms of a community (Bittner, 1967). Due to the primitive nature of those individuals living in these chaotic areas, most officers feel it is necessary to enclose the area in which the behaviors occur to keep it from assimilating with “normal” society. The necessity to contain the areas similar to skid-row is the responsibility of the police, and with few governing superiors to mandate guidelines and the large amount of discretion allotted to police, they assume the peace keeping role and abandon the role of enforcer (Bittner, 1967). Maintaining peace is a difficult task in itself because of the uncontrolled way of life in skid-row.
Law Enforcement policy is designed to help law enforcement agencies cut down on the amount of crime in communities and give structure to the agency. It also helps lessen the number of certain cases in certain areas, as well as from a certain group of people. There are several policies that I disagree with, but there is one policy I will be discussing. Law enforcement officers sometimes stop and frisk people based on gender, race, financial status, and social ranking. It is a very controversial issue because anything dealing with race and ethnicity can cause a lot of disagreement and discord.