Walker, Nancy. "Feminist or Naturalist." A Norton Critical Edition: Kate Chopin: The Awakening. Ed. Margo Culley.
Kate Chopin uses the character, Edna Pontellier, to show her points of female expression. Throughout The Awakening, Chopin shows her themes of female privilege and sexual desires throughout the characters. Edna is a dynamic character and her husband is static character who both reflects the changing attitudes of society towards women in the 1900s through present day. . The author, Kate Chopin was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on February 8, 1850 becoming the second child of
New York: Norton, 1994, 159-73 Papke, Mary E. Verging On the Abyss: The Social Fiction of Kate Chopin and Edith Wharton. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990. Showwalter, Elaine. Tradition and the Female Talent: The Awakening as a Solitary Book. Feminist Criticism Essay.
“Romantic Imagery in Kate Chopin’s The Awakening.” American Literature 43.4 (1972): 580-588. Rubin, Louis, ed. The Complete Works of Kate Chopin. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1997. Turner, Frederick Jackson.
Papke, Mary E. Verging on the Abyss: The Social Fiction of Kate Chopin and Edith Wharton. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1990. Seyersted, Per. Kate Chopin: A Critical Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1969.
Delaney, Bill. Masterpieces of Women's Literature. New York : Harper Collins Publishers, 1996. Koloski, Bernard. Approaches to teaching Chopin's The Awakening.
Relation. Boston: George Light, 1837. Allen, Priscilla. "Old Critics and New: The Treatment of Chopin's The Awakening." In The Authority of Experience: Essays in Feminist Criticism, ed.
Kate Chopin, A Critical Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1980. Toth, Emily. "A New Biographical Approach." Approaches to Teaching Chopin’s The Awakening.
In the late 1800s, a crusade began that campaigned for the rights of women across America: the Feminist Movement. Using this movement as inspiration, Kate Chopin bewitches her primarily female readers with a writing style that emphasizes the importance of emotion and encourages the independence of women in a world dominated by men. In her novel, The Awakening, Chopin flawlessly illustrates the radical yet alluring character transformation of her protagonist, Edna Pontellier, as she struggles to surmount marital and societal conflict in the hopes of being reborn. To fully grasp The Awakening, it is important to understand both into the life of Kate Chopin and the time period in which it was published. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Chopin was raised by her mother’s extended French family after her father’s death in a train accident.
Edna Pontellier, the protagonist of Kate Chopin’s The Awakening (1899) who would not allow anyone to possess her, is an example of how the cult of domesticity, prevalent in the nineteenth century, oppressed women as passionless mothers who worship their husbands. While Edna isolates herself from her husband, Leonce, she also isolates herself from her children and, thus, from motherhood. However, Chopin utilizes the motherhood metaphor to illustrate Edna’s own rebirth as she awakens throughout the novel. Exploring Chopin’s tale through feminist literary theory and the cult of domesticity, the metaphor of motherhood through Edna’s own maternity as well as her metaphorical rebirth becomes apparent. Lois Tyson’s text, Critical Theory Today (2006), explains the various theories that are utilized to critique literature and explain plots, themes, and characters.