Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

1539 Words4 Pages
Anterior knee pain plagues the athletic community, the most common being runner’s knee or patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). One point or another in an athlete’s career they have experienced this kind of pain. When comparing between male and female athletes and who has the higher chance of knee pain, female athletes have a higher prevalence than male athletes (Dolak KL). There are several different mechanisms of patellofemoral pain a few being: pes planus,an increased Q angle, weak, tight or an imbalance in the quadriceps or hip muscles. Recently in my clinic site as the spring sports such as, baseball, soccer and track and field the athlete’s perform a lot of squatting, running, and kneeling which load the patellofemoral joint. We are now starting to see several and treat several athletes with patellofemoral knee pain. Each of them experiencing the pain from a different mechanism. As an athletic trainer we want to treat not only the symptoms, but the mechanism of injury to prevent further injuries down the road. If patellofemoral pain syndrome is not properly treated it can develop into chronic diseases such as chondromalacia or arthritis, maybe eventually leading to a total knee plan. (Lee SE) Treatment while the athletes are young and symptoms aren’t severe is key to preventing further injury.
As we are creating a rehabilitation routine using modalities and therapeutic exercises, we have to remember each athlete is different and find the best option for them. Just as there are several causes of patellofemoral pain, there are several ways to treat and manage the pain, but which treatments are best. You can strengthen the quadriceps muscles specifically the vastus medialis and vastus lateralis or you can focus on strengthening ...

... middle of paper ...

...cated foot orthoses on pain and function in individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome: a cohort study. Physical Therapy in Sport. 2011;12:70-75
Willy RW, Scholz JP, Davis IS. Mirror gait retraining for the treatment of patellofemoral pain in female runners. Clinical Biomechanics. 2012;27:1045-1051
Rixe JA, Glick JE, Brady J, Olympia RP. A review of the management of patellofemoral pain syndrome. The Physician And Sports Medicine. 2013;09:2023
Crowell MS, Wofford NH. Lumbopelvic manipulation in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. The Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy. 2012;20(3):113-120
Lee SE, Cho SH. The effect of McConnell taping on vastus medialis and lateralis activity during squatting in adults with patellofemoral pain syndrome. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation. 2013;9(2):326-330
Starkey C, Brown SD, Ryan JL. Orthopedic and athletic injury
Open Document