Parkinson's Disease and Other Movement Disorders

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Many people around the world today suffer from Parkinson’s disease and other movement disorders. A movement disorder is a disorder impairing the speed, fluency, quality, and ease of movement. There are many types of movement disorders such as impaired fluency and speed of movement (dyskinesia), excessive movements (hyperkinesia), and slurred movements (hypokinesia). Some types of movement disorders are ataxia, a lack of coordination, Huntington's disease, multiple system atrophies, myoclonus, brief, rapid outbursts of movement, progressive supranuclear palsy, restless legs syndrome, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, tics, Tourette's syndrome, tremor, Wilson disease, dystonia, which causes involuntary body movement, and Parkinson's disease. Parkinson’s disease, Tourette’s syndrome, and tics are one of the most widely known of these disorders, known to impair people of movements and rob them of their lives.

Tics are a common movement disorder where one involuntarily moves due to unwanted muscle contractions (motor) or vocal outbursts (vocal). Motor tics can cause contractions that can be serious enough to affect activities in normal life. The muscle contradiction relieves urges or sensations felt by the patient. There are also vocal tics. Vocal tics are short, repetitive noises that come in sudden bursts. Tics are repetitive and habitual and are very hard to control. Examples of tics include blinking, clearing the throat, facial twitching, grunting, and shrugging the shoulders.

Tourette's syndrome is a hereditary movement disorder. Its symptoms are by multiple motor and vocal tics (repeated muscle contractions). It is during the childhood and adolescence in which Tourette’s syndrome and its symptoms develop, usually between the ages...

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