Parkinsons Disease: The Cause And Treatment Of Parkinson's Disease

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Parkinson’s disease is a chronic disorder that affects the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons in the area of the brain that is known as the substantia nigra. The disease attacks these nerve cells in the brain causing them to malfunction, and die off. Dopamine is a chemical that controls movement and coordination; it is formulated through the neurons located in the brain. Thus, the amount dopamine being produced by the dying neurons decreases leaving the individual without control over their motor movements. Parkinson’s disease has yet been determined to have a set cause; consequently, factors contributing to the disease have been discovered. Researchers have cited the presence of Lewy Bodies in patients as a reason behind Parkinson’s disease.…show more content…
The most efficient method to test for Parkinson’s disease is through specialized brain scanning that measures brain metabolism and the dopamine system. The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are also commonly used as a main means to characterize the disease in an individual. The primary motor responses affected by Parkinson’s disease result in the resting tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, and postural instability. According to the Parkinson’s Disease Foundation, approximately 70 percent of individuals with the disease begin to experience in their hand or foot a slight tremor, but typically only on one side of the body (Stanley Fahn, M.D., 2015). The tremors take place in the body when the individual is at rest. In other words, when the limb is at rest it may begin to shake. It has been noted that, people suffering from the disease have developed a way to stop some of the tremors by flexing the hand or body part being affected. Moreover, as Parkinson’s disease progresses within an individual the tremors increase significantly and tend to spread to the other side of the body as well. The term bradykinesia refers to slow movement. The disease often causes people to have limited range of motion, and difficulty achieving spontaneous motions. This is why in many cases people who have Parkinson’s have a hard time with their speech and it’s commonly impaired. The disease is not limited to these…show more content…
Moreover, patients will often freeze when moving around. Their body will hesitate before allowing them to continue stepping forward. In addition, many individuals with Parkinson’s experience micrographia; the tendency to for ones handwriting to shrink as the disease continues to progress. Furthermore, Parkinson’s will cause those affect by it to have un-expressive facial expressions. Other symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include, dystonia, sexual dysfunction, drooling, difficulty swallowing, and cramping. Overall, the entirety of movement throughout the body has increased difficulty-preforming tasks as a result of Parkinson’s

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