Parkinson's Disease

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Table of Contents Introduction Parkinson’s disease is a progressive, non curable disease which affects nerve cells in the brain; normally these nerve cells make an important chemical called dopamine, which sends signals to the part of the brain that controls movement. It aids in muscle movement and coordination, therefore when Parkinson’s develops, these nerve cells break down, due to lack of dopamine, resulting in stiffness and trouble in movement. As it is a progressive disease, which means it gets worse over time; symptoms vary throughout its progression. As a primary symptom, tremor is one of the most common signs of the disease. Tremor often starts in one arm or leg usually effecting one side of the body. By time, Parkinson’s affects muscles all through the body; therefore it leads to problems such as trouble in swallowing and constipation. Treatment for Parkinson’s is primarily focused in order to improve motor function, however, especially in later stages of the disease, a person with Parkinson’s may experience trouble speaking, dementia and depression, which may have greater impact on the persons’ quality of life. Using the Ferrans Conceptual Model, I will be discussing these elements: -Health and functional Domain -Social and economic Domain -Psychological/Spiritual Domain -Family Domain Health and Function As time progresses, it becomes more difficult for a person suffering from Parkinson’s to carry out activities of daily living, these include, bathing, dressing, eating, sleeping, toileting, walking and movement. Despite the fact the many people with Parkinson’s disease are able to carry out these activities, independently, the symptoms such as muscle stiffness and balance problems ... ... middle of paper ... medications and treatment, and making financial decisions. Psychological or Spiritual Being diagnosed with a disease such as Parkinson’s can challenge one’s values, beliefs and leaves an effect on one’s spiritual wellbeing. These situations can either deepen or change one’s spiritual beliefs. Many people suffering from a disease may experience a sense of anger towards god, while others life changing events can deepen their spiritual beliefs, which provide a sense of hope for their future and ways of adapting to their new situation. As cited by the ‘European Parkinson’s disease association’, spirituality is becoming an important subject among psychiatrists, due to possible health benefits, spiritual wellbeing offers. Spirituality generally means one attaining a sense of good health as a unique individual. This process usually happens over a period of time.

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