Parents and Children with Birth Defects: Down Syndrome

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Down Syndrome Every parent claims that they will console their newborn with love and affection under any conditions. But inspite of what they may say, they are still worried. After all, there have been several situations with birth defects that have caused years of frusturation and difficulties. No parent wishes for their own child to be born with a genetic mutation, but even as this is true, several children are born with it. “Down syndrome, which is a genetic condition, occurs in one in every 691 births”(Laney 5). In total, there are presently about 10,130,246 people with Down Syndrome.This genetic mutation, which has been recognized for many years, has affected millions of lives. Being a congenital disorder, Down Syndrome is caused by an excess of the chromosome 21, and has many drastic effects for both the individual and his/her family. Down Syndrome is caused by an excess of chromosome 21 in some or all cells. “This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome”(Laney 7). Chromosomes are the type of structures which the genes are contained in. Normally, every person has 23 pairs of chromosomes. A chromosome is inherited by the parents, one from the father and one from the mother. After fertilization occurs an egg commonly contains 46 chromosomes. In some cases, though, their are mishaps before fertilization. “ A developing egg or sperm cell may divide incorrectly, sometimes causing an egg or sperm cell to have an extra chromosome number 21. When this cell joins with a normal egg or sperm cell, the resulting embryo has 47 chromosomes instead of 46”(ndss). When this manifests, a child is concieved with disformities, and intellectual affliction. The... ... middle of paper ... ...ks Cited "Birth Defects." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2014. "Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 11 Feb. 2014. Web. 29 Mar. 2014. "Facts about Down Syndrome." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.’ Laney, Dawn. Down Syndrome. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2008. Print. "National Down Syndrome Society - The National Advocate for People with Down Syndrome Since 1979." National Down Syndrome Society - The National Advocate for People with Down Syndrome Since 1979. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014. "Welcome." National Association for Down Syndrome. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. "Your Genes, Your Health." Your Genes, Your Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.

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