Parent's Role in their Child's Obesity

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There is a growing epidemic in the United States, childhood obesity. As of 2012, more than one-third of children and adolescents were obese or overweight (Ogden). This growing problem has many contributing factors: a lack of physical activity, high caloric intake, and an absence of eating healthy foods. Many of these behaviors are learned, they were habits adolescents learned when they were children. One of the most important contributors when it comes to children and their habits is their parents. The way parents raise their children will affect them for the rest of their lives; therefore, parents’ play a huge role in their children’s obesity. Precursors for childhood obesity can occur as early as when a woman is pregnant. Women who have diabetes give birth to children who are larger and longer than regular children, and who also have a higher likelihood of developing type II diabetes (Dab). Women who are obese (and oftentimes have diabetes) are more likely to give birth to overweight babies (CITE). Women who gain an abnormally large amount of weight during pregnancy (often developing gestational diabetes) will give birth to children who have a higher probability of becoming obese (Harvard). There are also women who are not obese, do not gain a substantial amount of weight, but still mistreat their bodies enough during pregnancy to do damage to the baby, such as smoking. Women who smoke during pregnancy have children who are 50% more likely than children whose mothers did not smoke during pregnancy to become obese (Birb, Harv). Childhood obesity is not only a problem in developed countries such as the United States; it is also a problem in third world countries. Pregnant women who are undernourished during pregnancy are m... ... middle of paper ... ...verweight (4). Parents who were overweight and taught their eating habits to their children were more likely to have overweight children. I would like to use this article to show how parents’ eating habits, parenting style, and weight affect their child’s weight. Yang Z, Huffman S. Nutrition in pregnancy and early childhood and associations with obesity in developing countries. Matern Child Nutr. 2013;9(1):105-119. • This study also focuses on pregnancy and its relation to childhood obesity, except it focuses on developing rather than developed countries. Pregnant women who were undernourished during pregnancy were more likely to give birth to children who experienced obesity in adulthood, females especially (5). I would like to include this article and touch on how pregnancy in developing countries vs. developed countries differs in obesity rates among children.

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