Parenting and culture

1597 Words7 Pages
The universality versus cultural specificity debate both have aspects that make sense and can be applied to childhood development. On one side, supporters of the argument for the universality of parenting suggest that certain types of parenting styles will produce the same child development outcomes in different cultures. On the other hand, the argument for cultural specificity states that different parenting practices vary from culture to culture, and that culture ultimately determines the outcomes of child development. Each culture has specific styles of parenting that instill values on children particular to that culture. Each individual has characteristics of what their parents taught them, which gives every individual their own personality. Both sides present logical information on the cultural impacts of parenting on child development outcomes.

Universality in parenting is arguing that even with different ethnic backgrounds and parenting styles, child development outcomes turn out to be similar. Phinney, Ong, and Madden (2000) wanted to find out if there were commonalities in developmental processes among immigrant and non-immigrant groups. They studied those groups to see if living in America caused them to change their collectivist values over to individualistic values. They observed patterns among three immigrant groups: Vietnamese, Armenian, and Mexican. They also had two non-immigrant groups, the Europeans, and the African Americans. They separated the immigrant groups into two cohorts, cohort one being U.S.-born adolescents and parents who have longer residence in the United States, and cohort two being foreign-born adolescents with parents who have not lived in the U.S. that long. Participants were given questionn...

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Works Cited

Chao, R. K. (2001). Extending research on the consequences of parenting style for Chinese

Americans and European Americans. Child Development, 72(6), 1832-1843.

Cheung, C., & Pomerantz, E. M. (2011). Parents' involvement in children's learning in the United

States and China: Implications for children's academic and emotional adjustment. Child Development, 82(3), 932-950.

Phinney, J. S., Ong, A., & Madden, T. (2000). Cultural values and intergenerational value

discrepancies in immigrant and non-immigrant families. Child Development, 71(2),

528-539.

Russell, A., Hart, C. H., Robinson, C. C., & Olsen, S. F. (2003). Children's sociable and

aggressive behavior with peers: A comparison of the US and Australian, and contributions

of temperament and parenting styles. International Journal Of Behavioral Development,

27(1), 74-86.
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