Baumrind's theory about parenting identifies four distinctive parenting styles and is complimented by a well-supported and organized progression of ideas (Callanan Lecture, September 9, 2017). All these tend to cover different parenting techniques worldwide and have contrast with Baumrind's theory. After studying how children and parents relate in the home, Baumrind came up with major parenting styles known as authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and neglectful parenting (Callanan Lecture, September 9, 2017). As learned through social and emotional development, different parenting styles affect children’s
These traits will influence that child throughout life; 1) how he relates to others, 2) how he deals with issues, 3) how he accomplishes tasks, and 4) what excites and drives him. Mrs. Sargent stated, “becoming familiar with your child’s personality will go a long way toward helping you understand why your child acts the way she does”, and I believe that this is one of the most important statements within the book. She also cautions not to stereotype a child based on their personality traits, no one person is the same as another. When her children were young she read a book to them called The Treasure Tree, in this book the four characters all had a different temperament that was known. These temperaments shown were the very personality types that Hippocrates’ laid the foundation for several hundred years ago; Choleric, Sanguine, Melancholy, and Phlegmatic.
Iruka, Iheoma U. Durden, Tonia Kennel, Portia (2015). Changing Faces: Parenting, Culture, and Child Learning and Development: Zero to Three, 35 (4). 10-18. “Parents are central to children’s health, development, and memorizing. This is often the case in early childhood where the types of interactions that parents have with their children, the cognitive stimulation they provide, and the home environments they create, lay the foundation for future life and academic success.” In this professional peer reviewed article, the authors are amplifying the important role which parents play when nurturing their children starting from conception.
Using these four dimensions, Baumrind identified four parenting styles: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive-indulgent and permissive involved (Greenwood, 2014). With knowing about all the parenting styles, when I have children I will raise them with the authoritative parenting style. Bib Page Coon, D., & Mittterer, J. ( 2013). Introduction to psychology gateways to mind and behavior .
Child psychologists try to answer fundamental questions such as how children develop language, personality, empathy, and behaviour, with an emphasis on environmental and genetic differences. Some of child psychology theories had their foundation in good old assumptions and later developed the empirical backing, obtained through rigorous scientific investigation, which has popularised them. Child psychology incorporates standardized experimental methods in which the investigator controls the environment and non-experimental studies in which researchers observe the subject in a natural setting. When researching children, there is no ideal approach, and factors such as gender, age, personality, or the subject of the study are suggestive of what investigation method is suitable. An educational psychologist works with schools, nurseries or any other organizations that engage with children and provides reports and advice to SENCO (Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator) representatives about observation of particular children’s cognitive development and evolution.
Intro Good parenting is key for the development of young children for the way they act, make decisions, lifestyles and how they perceive others. So, when it comes down to choosing the right parenting style, it can be a bit challenging for many new and old parents. There are currently four popular parenting styles that consist of authoritarian, neglectful, permissive and authoritative. Although there are only four main parenting styles, parents can still be non-decisive and have a mixture of the parenting styles. Within this work I will be explaining the four different parenting styles and the effects they have on children.
These practises are simply one way a parent can express their parenting style. Fletcher sought to discover if the four parenting styles differed in their use of coercion and harsh punishments, as well as if these two parenting strategies are affected by individual parenting styles. Three hundred seventy fourth grade children and their mothers were interviewed and they were assessed based along a “yielding to coercion” scale, as well as a behaviour checklist, and the child’s academic grades, which were obtained from their various schools (Fletcher, 2008). Fletcher’s study showed that for optimal adjustment, parents should interact with their children with high levels of responsiveness and lower levels of demandingn... ... middle of paper ... ...l responses, and children’s coping strategies. Child: Care, Health, and Development, 37(4), 524-532. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01196.x.
According to Steinberg, “Authoritative parenting is the reasonable balance of three key aspects of parents’ behavior toward their children- nurturance, discipline, and respect” (as cited in Heath, 2013, p. 29). In addition to the information that I had previously learned about this style of parenting, I have learned that it contributes to success in school and later on in life. One article that I came across reviewed multiple studies that were done on the correlation of parenting styles and academic achievement. They concluded from all of the studies that had previously been preformed that authoritative parents were more lik... ... middle of paper ... ... Batenhorst, C., & Wilkinson, J. (2007).
Moreover, since the family is the first window of the child, parenting style and its influence on children could greatly affect their understanding, attitude and school achievements. (Kordi & Baharudin, 2010). Furthermore, according to a report on The National Children’s Strategy Research Series, “the profound influence of parenting practices on children’s development has been widely documented and a large body of research literature in the UK, USA and Australia has focused on the links between parenting styles, parental discipline responses, child behaviour and children’s psychological well-being.” (Halpenny, et al., 2010). Dimensions of parent-child relations pertaining to the parenting styles, and the quality of a parent and a child have been found to have substantial implications for children’s emotional and personality development. (Goldstein and Weiner,