Parental Involvement And Academic Performance

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But, just because a parent has a bad attitude about a certain subject does not mean that they are not involved in their child or adolescent 's learning. Parental involvement can span a multitude of different areas. For example, in Rani George and David Kaplan’s study, “A Structural Model of Parent and Teacher Influences on Science Attitudes of Eighth Graders: Evidence from NELS: 88” the researchers differentiated parental involvement as it related to academic performance in science classes into three different groups: parental help with selecting school classes, parental help with school activities, and lastly parental help with classroom activities. The researchers also tracked the parents level of education as well as the resources that the children had in their homes: whether or not the family owned an encyclopedia, whether the family had a computer in the home, and whether the family had fifty or more books at home. Each of these factors played a large role in how eighth grade adolescents felt about science in general (George & Kaplan, 1997, p. 99). Just like parental involvement, parental influence doesn’t just take on one single form. In Glynis Breakwell and Sue Beardsell’s research in 1992, the two broke parental influence down into four distinct categories: the parent’s encouragement of the subject of science, the parent’s overall encouragement of academic success, the parent’s modeling of participation in the community and liberal principles, and lastly the parent’s encouragement for their children to actively use scientific and cultural resources available to them (Breakwell & Beardsell, 1992, p. 185). Glynis Breakwell and Sue Beardsell felt that these four distinct forms of parental encouragement would produce d... ... middle of paper ... ... family to act as the go between and establish an open line of communication. This personal relationship might help to make the parent feel like they are an active member of their adolescent 's education (Eccles & Harold, 1993, P. 578). School-family programs can also help to coach parents on how to play a more active role in their adolescent 's education. They can help to teach parents about how to properly set up a homework schedule or how to carve out a homework space for their children to get their work done in peace (Eccles & Harold, 1993, P. 579). Parental involvement makes a huge impact on how well adolescent children perform in school as well as on their attitude towards learning, especially in science. Making a change to the way that parents and teachers interact can help to promote more involvement and help these adolescents perform better academically.
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