Malaria has been an issue in many African countries, such as Angola, while in United States it was completely eradicated. Currently, about 40% of the world and especially in the poorest or third world countries, malaria has been the main killer (WHO). Additionally, according to world health organization (WHO), approximately 660,000 people died from malaria in 2010 globally and most of them were African children. Furthermore, yet in the same year, an estimated 219 million cases of malaria infection worldwide were registered. Angola Among the four types of parasites of malaria, plasmodium falciparum is the deadliest type.
Drug-Resistant Malaria in Cambodia What kills more than two thousand children a day could potentially spread around the world. All of the most effective drugs used on this disease in the last evades have gradually been rendered useless by its ability to evolve and develop. It is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are spread to people through the bites of infected Mosquitos. The most deadly of this disease lies in Cambodia. This deadly and drug-resistant disease is malaria.
After entering the mosquito midgut by ingestion in a blood meal from an infected vertebrate, the parasite develops into an ookinete, travels to the midgut epithelium, and then forms many sporozoites. These sporozoites are the form of the parasite that travel throughout the hemocoel and eventually enter the salivary glands where they can be transmitted to another host through a blood meal (N. Becker et al., 2010). This pathway is just one example of how a certain parasite interacts with mosquitoes, and each pathogen can interact with and be dealt with differently by the mosquito
P.Ovale, this causes tertian (recurs every second day) malaria in humans. This species is very closely related to both plasmodium falciparum and P.Vivax. P.Ovale has a quite inadequate dispersal. General Life Cycle of the Malaria Parasite: • The female Anopheles mosquito which transmits the malaria parasites feed on the person when the mosquito has pierc... ... middle of paper ... ... to simply stop it from being transported around the body where it will lead to it processing itself to critical stage where it could lead to death, which is the whole reason of why it should be diagnosed and treated by a doctor as soon as possible to eradicate the possibilities of complications and death. Works Cited Carter, Mendis.
Current Status of Malaria Vaccinology In order to assess the current status of malaria vaccinology one must first take an overview of the whole of the whole disease. One must understand the disease and its enormity on a global basis. Malaria is a protozoan disease of which over 150 million cases are reported per annum. In tropical Africa alone more than 1 million children under the age of fourteen die each year from Malaria. From these figures it is easy to see that eradication of this disease is of the utmost importance.
To get inside our system, Anopheles mosquitoes are needed to transport this killer parasite. Fig. 1 (“NIDCD” 2002) Symptoms occur about ten to sixteen days after the mosquito bite. (“Malaria, 2002) Fever and classic flu symptoms begin. Symptoms sometimes follow a pattern of days where the attacks vanish and reoccur again.
Children are more susceptible to the disease than adults, and in Africa, where ninety percent of the world’s cases occur and where eighty percent of the cases are treated at home, one in twenty children die of the disease before they reach the age of five. Pregnant women are also more vulnerable to disease and in certain parts of Africa, they are four times as likely to contract the disease and only half as likely to survive it. The most common sites of malaria-carrying mosquitoes is in tropical and subtropical areas with warm climates. Also, there must be a source of water, such as a lake, ocean, or stream, because this is where the mosquitoes breed. While Africa is the site of most malaria cases, there are a few other countries that account for some of the malaria cases.
Afterwards, the red blood cells burst and release the parasites. Some of the para... ... middle of paper ... ...ion people annually. As the Plasmodium parasites mutate more and more to resist the effect of antimalarials, it becomes harder for scientist to find a cure (Treatment of Malaria, 1996). Over forty percent of the world’s population still at risk from this deadly disease, is yearning for a cheap, effective vaccine (Cann, 1996). Bibliography Dr. Cann, Alan J.
 There are four species of the Plasmodium parasite which affect humans these are: o Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) which is found in Africa, it is the common type of malaria parasite and causes the most deaths. This species can lay dormant for 6 months after a bite but normally will show symptoms within a month. o Plasmodium vivax (P. viva... ... middle of paper ... ... as Suppressive Prophylaxis for Plasmodium falciparum Malaria Clinical Infectious Diseases 27 (3): 494-499  NHS Choices (2014) Malaria – Antimalarials http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Malaria/Pages/Treatment.aspx [Accessed 16 March 2014]  Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (2012) Choosing a Drug to Prevent Malaria http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/travelers/drugs.html [Accessed 16 March 2014]  BBC News (2013) UK firm seeks to market world's first malaria vaccine http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-24431510 [Accessed16 March 2014]  The RTS,S Clinical Trials Partnership (2012) A Phase 3 Trial of RTS,S/AS01 Malaria Vaccine in African Infants The New England Journal of Medicine 367:2284-2295  Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (2012) Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/malaria_worldwide/reduction/itn.html [Accessed 18 March 2014]
In Africa and other developing countries, Malaria accounts for millions of dollars spent in medical related costs. Malaria, conversely, is a curable disease when it is promptly diagnosed and efficiently treated. While Malaria was one of the first infectious diseases to be successfully treated with a drug, scientists are still looking for a reliable vaccination and subsequent cure (Cann, 1996). Malaria is a contagious disease caused by mosquitoes that develops in humans and other animals.Malaria is caused by the elusive plasmodium parasite. Ordinarily, the disease is transmitted when an infected female anopheles mosquito bites a person.