This equates to nearly 150-200 inches of rain per year. Over half of the world’s population of plants and animals can be found in tropical rainforests (Schomp 5-9). In only one tree, about 200 different species are living. To be named a “tropical rainforest”, it must contain a large diversity of species, experience direct sunlight, receive lots of rain, and obtain high humidity levels (Biomes Ch. 5).
As a matter of fact, rain forests support 90,000 of the 250,000 identifies plant species. A tropical rain forest has three layers: the canopy (treetops), the understory (young trees, ferns, shrubs), and the forest floor. Rain forests have been known as the "womb of life" (1) because they are home to so many species. Temperate (much younger, and more full of nutrients, located along Canada and the United States, among others) and sub-tropical rain forests also contain many ranges of animals (monkeys, birds, snakes, jaguars), however they are not as different. Regardless, the rain forests possess an array of foliage and fauna.
This is because there are direct links between traits and the functioning of organisms. Trait distributions constitute therefore an attractive means of looking into how forest communities are associated and how they influence ecosystem processes (Cornwell and Ackerly, 2009). That is why there has been a growing interest in describing the distribution of traits in plant communities and the underlying processes responsible of these distributional patterns such as environmental filtering or niche differentiation (Kraft et al., 2008; Baraloto et al., 2012; Violle et al.,
Rainforests The rain forests are incredible places. They only cover 6 % of the world’s surface however they have more than ½ the world’s plant and animals species. A rain forest can be described as tall and thick jungles. There is a reason behind the forest being called a “Rain forest” and it is because the high rainfall it gets per year. On average, 50 to 260 inches of rain falls yearly.
Also, being a home for over 50 percent of the Earth’s living species. Even though, it holds about 7 percent of landmass on Earth. A Tropical Rainforest is a broad leaved evergreen forest, which has high rainfall. These are found around the Equator. Specifically, Central America, South America, Southern Asia, and Australia (which however, goes through a dry spell twice a year).
In recent years, additional efforts have been focused on assessing quality of governance of countries and organizations, as these elements are seen as critical to ensure sustainable forest management, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and reduce illegal activity. DISCUSSION Sustainable Forest Management Sustainable forest management (SFM) is the management of forests according to sustainable development principles. SFM has to keep the balance between three main pillars, which are ecological, economic and socio-cultural. Achieving SFM successfully will provide integrated benefits to all, ranging from safe-guarding local livelihoods to protecting the biodiversity and ecosystems provided by forests, reducing rural
Average annual rainfall is between eighty and one hundred inches, while some forests receive four hundred inches of rain a year. "Occupying no more than seven percent of all the space on earth, they harbor at least half-possibly seventy-five percent -of all forms of life" (Stone 75). This makes it apparent that the importance of rain forests directly effects the world's ever-expanding human population and how we are linked to the massive pressures on tropical rain forests. At one time photographs taken from a satellite of the earth a quarter of a century ago revealed a green belt widely spread interrupted only by the oceans. This expansive ring of... ... middle of paper ... ..., 1963.
Ecotourism benefits the local communities and the environment through the preservation and conservation of natural and cultural resources. The involvement of local communities also assists in retaining financial benefits for the local people through the income of tourists. Governing bodies and responsible entities are therefore compelled to be proactive in conserving cultural and natural resources through responsible and sustainable tourism initiatives. Best Practices and Guidelines have been set out by various related organisations that direct nature conservation parks on methods and processes on the best possible ways to preserve and conserve natural and cultural resources. This study has provided a better understanding on all four fundamentals of ecotourism and how they are linked.
Newig and Fritsch (2009) say stakeholder involvement has been used in a wide variety of environmental applications such as forest management and planning or even integrated watershed management. To sum it up there are numbers of benefits of having stakeholders involved in the process of environmental management. In short, they are: to establish credibility; to improve relevance; makes sure of the transparency of the process; anticipate controversies; and also increase dissemination. The participations of stakeholders should, therefore, be able to help environmental managers both in private and public sectors so that quality and also the sustainability of environmental
(2016) defines sustainable forest management as a process or an approach of managing forests with an aim of achieving various objectives of management which are clearly defined or specified in terms of continuously producing desired forest products and services without unduly decreasing its inherent values and future productivity and also without imposing negative effects on the physical and social environment. One of the main challenges which is facing many forest policies and planning entails conciliating many different interests and finding a balance so as to satisfy the economical requests without jeopardising the integrity of forests ecological functions (Corezzola, 2016). This is said to be of greatest importance for the concept of Sustainable Forest Management (SFM). In a broader clarity of the SFM definition it can be mentioned that it is “an approach that balances environmental, socio-cultural and economic objectives of management in line with the Forest Principles adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED1) in 1992” (FAO 2003 in Matteusi, 2016). In another broader definition, Sustainable forest management refers to the ‘‘stewardship and use of forests and forest land in a way, and at a rate, that maintains their biodiversity, productivity, generation capacity, vitality, and their potential to fulfil relevant ecological, economic, and social functions at local, national, and global levels for current and future generations” (FAO 2003 in Matteusi,