The future impacts of poverty result in reduced lifetime earnings, poorer health outcomes and limited future opportunities. The impacts on society as a result of a poorly educated population include increased health care costs, lower productivity growth and increased the rate of criminal offending (Boston, 2013). Michael & Dwyer (2008) claim that in the economy of the future there will be even fewer employment opportunities for people with limited education. Such a claim places further hardship on those suffering from poverty, especially when research indicates that those effected by poverty show an increased likelihood of leaving school with little or no academic attainment (Michael & Dwyer, 2008). Research from additional studies show that large proportions of children born into disadvantaged families do not enjoy high levels of educational success (Boston, 2013).
Material Deprivation Is The Most Important Barrier To Educational Attainment Material deprivation is a lack of money, which leads to disadvantages, such as unhealthy diet and a lack of materials such as computer and textbooks. J.W.B Douglas examined education of 5,362 British children and grouped the children in terms of their ability, which was measured by IQ tests. He then divided them into four social class groupings and found significant variations between students of a similar ability but who were from different social backgrounds. Douglas believed that underachievement in education was related to a number of factors. These were the students health, the size of the students family and the quality of the school they attended.
A problem with the achievement of the American Dream is inequality. Inequality rooted in race, social class and ethnicity suggests that the American Dream is not attainable at all. Sociologists found that no matter how hard an individual works or seeks out a good education, the majority will make little movement up the social class ladder at all. The American Dream does the opposite of what it is sought out to be; it encourages consumerism and valorizes material wealth which ultimately leaves Americans in debt. With Americans going more and more into debt, there is an increasingly unlikely escape from their position of poverty.
Discussed is the overall wage bill budget, structure of health agencies, and quality, accountability and innovations of health workforce. Government limitations in overall wage bill expansion can result to inadequate resources meant to hire health workers. Although fiscal constrains in developing countries is a major threat to delivering of health, the government needs to put into consideration the impact brought about by policies of wage bill. It is evident that wage bills have restrictions which constrain improvement of the workforce in health sector. A survey done in developing countries revealed that there are considerable weaknesses found in policies and practices of recruiting, deploying, transferring, promoting, sanctioning, and paying of the health workers.
Based on a study conducted, knowledge deficits were linked to a lack of physical activity in socially disadvantaged communities (Clark, 1998). Unfortunately, rural communities tend to have lower education levels (Clark, 1998). Rural Georgians are less likely than their counterparts to complete high school or to complete a bachelor’s degree (Vinson, 2013). In Talbot County, only 47.2% of the population graduated from high school, 20.6% had some college or an associate’s degree, and only 5.1% had a bachelor’s degree (Vinson, 2013). Also contributing to the lack of knowledge on the importance of physical activity is limited community health resources to facilitate adequate health education on lifestyle activities that promote physical activity within Talbot.
Nationally, tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable and early death. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports the life expectancy for a smoker is reduced by almost a decade when compared to a nonsmoker, with smoking contributing to 1 out of every 5 deaths in the United States each year (CDC, February 6,2014). The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) estimated in 2012 that approximately 20% of the American population uses tobacco or a tobacco related substance, resulting in over 65 million regular tobacco users (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), September, 2013). Tobacco products include, cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, hookahs, pipes, snus and electronic cigarettes. There is minimal use of foreign products such as Bidis and Kreteks.
Among many factors, gender plays an important role in the consumer purchase decision. The meaning of the term “gender” can be controversial. In the 1970's researchers determined that the sex of person refers to the biology of that person. A person is either a man or a woman. Gender is a sociocultural category that refers to the way that men and women are socialized into male and female roles.
Poverty is the Main Cause of Social Class Differences in Educational Achievement This essay will assess the view that poverty is the main cause of social class differences in educational achievement. There are many causes of these differences which can be linked to cultural deprivation, and will be discussed in this essay. Material deprivation is lack of money and things which money can buy, and is the main cause of poverty. Item B suggests that that this is the main cause of social class differences in educational achievement as it says that most truants come from poor working class backgrounds and are less likely than their middle class counter parts to obtain a good formal education. Similarly, during the sixties sociologists believed that the low attainment of many working class children resulted from material deprivation.
This paper will look at ways in which these causes can be combated and at the same time evaluated in regards to it’s positive and negative aspects. Education has long been a problem in society, because the lack of this essential tool of survival doesn’t allow for growth of any sort. It is a known fact that the risk of poverty usually decreases as people get more schooling. Poor education can be either a cause of poverty or an effect. Young people who drop out of school may be poor because they lack the required skills needed to get good jobs, therefore adding to a system that forces them to only be able to live in low-income, economically starving areas.
The lack of capital effects African-Americans' low scores because the schools they attend do not have the resources necessary to provide for the students. The worst test takers were senior citizens, prisoners, and immigrants (Kaplan 45). Older adults' problems were generally linked to the facts that twilighting Americans have completed fewer average years of schooling than younger Americans and that the mean literacy of the population rises as more educated, younger generations of residents replace the lesser educated ones (Goldstein 3). Persons speaking other languages than English might have measured out as better readers had the surveys been administered in their native tongues. Variance in the levels of male and female scores are not that outlandish.