Pain is often a difficult term to define. There have been loose meanings associated with the term but everyone seems to interpret it in their own way. This article is investigating why people of certain cultures, heritages, and backgrounds interpret pain in different ways. Essentially, it is considering pain to be something that everyone experiences due to any number of potential causes, looking into many different studies done around the world to compare and contrast the levels of pain experienced and expressed between different people from a number of different backgrounds. What is interesting about these different studies is that one of the major findings shows that almost no two people view pain in the same way and, therefore, react to painful situations in completely different ways and make it exceedingly difficult to give an exact definition of pain.
“The greatest evil is physical pain.” Saint Augustine understood that experiencing pain is horrific, and most would agree. However, it is perhaps emotional pain, rather than physical, that causes the most damage. Whether physical or emotional, painful experiences are upsetting at best, and in severe cases, they can be life-changing. Pain is a feeling of distress that is often an underlying problem or symptom of an illness.
The Percept of Pain: Where does it come from? In class we have discussed the concept of pain, concluding that a conflict between what the brain anticipates occurring and what actually occurs has the potential to cause the perception of pain. Furthermore, it was suggested that genetics might have a role in the experience of pain, particularly when applied to the discussion of phantom limb pain. However, I found these inferences a bit unsatisfying and walked away with more questions than answers.
Pain Concept Concepts are ideas that assist nurses with understanding various circumstances. Concepts also enable nursing researchers, seeking scientific theory, to identify and measure theory components. It is best to have clear concepts in order to avoid misunderstandings. For instance, confusion can hinder an individual’s knowledge when providing patient education. Clear concepts also prevent poor communication that can lead to unintentional non-compliance and delay recovery processes (Stewart, Schofield, Elliott, Torrance, & Leveille, 2014).
Pain: Understanding the Subjective, Objectively Pain is a universal element of the human experience. Everyone, at some point in their lives, experiences pain in one form or another. Pain has numerous causes, effects, and is itself a highly complex biological phenomenon. It also carries with it important emotional and social concerns. Pain cannot be entirely understood within the context of any one field of scientific inquiry.
The Human Perception of Pain in Conjunction with the Mind-Body Problem There is more research surfacing supporting the notion that people can control their pain. What is left under-examined is the notion of whether the pain is mediated by the brain, mind, or both. We all know that pain is an instinctive "sense" if you will, necessary to the survival of all living beings. Without pain, it would go unrecognized and exacerbate to the point of death. Pain is a protective mechanism essential to survival.
Abstract Pain, especially chronic non-cancer pain, can significantly affect patients’ quality of life not only because such pain can impair individuals’ activities, potentially leading to disability, but also because it can cause social relationship problems, loss of productivity, and comorbidity with various mental disorders. Pain is also an important topic in the health-related industry because it places an enormous economic burden on our health care system. Therefore, it is pivotal to understand the individual difference in pain experience, which can translate into clinical practice. Pain is a nociceptive sensory experience; thus, it can be fully influenced by our emotions, cognitions, and beliefs. In this paper, I discuss pain, pain perception,
Phantom pain refers to the phenomenal experience of pain in a body part that has been amputated or deafferented (Flor, Nikolajsen & Jensen, 2006). The characteristics of phantom pain have been described to occur in quick and sudden attacks of pain shooting up and down the amputated limb as well as cases of constant, excruciating pain whilst intensely perceiving the amputated limb to be cramped or postured abnormally (Katz, 1992). Approximately eighty percent of amputees report suffering from or at least experiencing some level of phantom pain post amputation; therefore it is a prominent issue (Flor, Nikolajsen & Jensen, 2006). Phantom pain is neuropathic pain that has no individual trigger but instead a plethora of psychobiological aspects of neuroplasticity that contribute to the cause of phantom pain (Grusser, Diers & Flor, 2003). The following will: outline the role of the peripheral and central factors associated with phantom pain and discuss the cortical reorganisation of the somatosensory cortex in relation to phantom pain.
Death is part of the circle of life and it's the end of your time on earth; the end of your time with your family and loved ones. Nobody wants to die, leaving their family and missing the good times your loved ones will have once you pass on. In the Mercury Reader, Elisabeth Kübler-Ross “On the Fear of Death” and Joan Didion “Afterlife” from The Year of Magical Thinking” both share common theses on death and grieving. Didion and Kübler-Ross both explain grieving and dealing with death. Steve Jobs commencement speech for Stanford’s graduation ceremony and through personal experience jumps further into death and how I feel about it. Your time is on earth is limited one day you will die and there are many ways of grieving at the death of a loved one. I believe that the fear of death and the death of a loved one will hold you back from living your own life and the fear of your own death is selfish.