Nevertheless, the Marshall Plan carried out as planned after sorting out personal affairs, and in total, $13 billion was donated to European countries in ruins. “⅓ for raw materials and manufactures; ⅓ for food, animal feed, and fertilizer; and ⅓ for machines, vehicles, and fuel. The American economy flourished”(Zarr 41), and so did the rest of the European countries. With the funds, Germany used a part of it to restore businesses and eventually grow it’s largest bank, Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau. France reduced its debt and restored the currency, while Italy was financially able to provide medical care to wipe out malaria in Sardinia. Over time, 150 ships were recorded to have traveled through Europe, unloading food, medical supplies and other necessities. The Marshall Plan was important to the European countries because the Americans were able to contribute to the sufferings and bring out the hunger and poverty, as George C. Marshall planned. As a result, the plan was successful in restoring the economy in ruined European countries that resulted from the disasters of World War
A direct influence of this Doctrine was the Marshall Plan. The Marshall Plan was designed to give aid to any European country damaged during WWII. It tremendously helped ravaged European Nations such as Italy and France. By helping them economically, The Marshall Plan indirectly helped to suppress growing Communist sentiment in these countries.
...agasaki." Center for Strategic and International Studies. N.p., 10 Aug. 2012. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
MacMillan, Margaret. Rebuilding the world after the Second World War. The Guardian. 11 September 2009. Web. 11 November 2013
World War II was, quite simply, the most deadly and destructive conflict in human history. In fact, E.B. "Sledgehammer" Sledge, a renowned U.S. Marine who fought on the Pacific Front during the war, gave a first account of the atrocities he experienced in his 1981 memoir, “With the Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa.” He said, "It was so savage. We were savages. We had all become hardened. We were out there, human beings, the most highly developed form of life on earth, fighting each other like wild animals” (Sledge). Why, then, is World War II referred to as "The Good War" and why is it still significant today (Terkel 387)? Regardless of the pulverization, demise, and decimation, the war helped introduce a new world, one in which Hitler's Third Reich in Europe was nonexistent. Such a world was advocated by the peacemakers of the post World War II era. On June 5, 1947. The US Secretary, George Marshall, made public the United States government’s decision to aid in the political and economic restoration of Europe (Marshall).
Since most of the productivity of Western Europe countries were destroyed, even they received the aid, they had to buy several equipment like machines from the US as they didn’t have the ability to produce them immediately. Also, there were food shortages in Europe at that time, those countries had to buy food and supplies from the US. Therefore, the aid would eventually go back to the United States and improve the economy like boosting production and increase profits of the United States. The Marshall Plan was more like a loan than a pure giveaway of aid. Then, the Marshall Plan can make Western Europe became more rely on the United States and even make the United States a stronger country. Once they rely on the United States, the US can control the economics of Europe so that the US can take over the leadership of global economics. Also, the Marshall Plan greatly helped Western Europe to recover their economics. “By 1951, six years after the war and at the effective end of the Marshall Plan, national incomes per capita were more than 10 percent above pre-war levels.” (De Long and Eichengreen 22) which was much faster than the recovery of GDP after World War 1. Therefore, the Marshall Plan could help both the Western Europe and the United State and it can be the tool which make the United States be the emerging leader of global
After the four- year Axis occupation of Greece (1941-1944) and the withdrawal of German troops in 1944, the Greek land was burnt to the ground. It is vastly hard for the younger generations to grasp the hardships not only the nation, but also Europeans in their majority were going through after World War II. What Europe looked like after the war was an image of hunger, poverty, decay, corruption, health issues and economy plundered to the point of collapse; this is the exact reason why, while the United States had agreed on providing aid for Greece, this help was extended to the rest of western Europe. Before we take a look at the motives behind such an act i...
The German economic recovery is the example used most when discussing the success of the Marshall Plan. Cowan points out that aide to Germany never exceeded more than 5% of GNP while allied policies regarding occupation and reparation were actually costing 11...
America succeeded in rebuilding other parts of Europe as well. Roubaix, France housed one of the world’s largest textile mills which the Marshall Plan, supplying wood, was able to keep in operation (Mee 251). 70% of French harbors destroyed during the war were restored within two years (252). Shipments of carbon black arrived in Birmingham, England, and “Europe’s largest tire plant was put back in production” and 10,000 workers returned to their jobs (246). Europe was up and running again, becoming more and more economically prosperous, due to the Marshall Plan.
The United States of America attempt to contain the spread of Communism after World War II. The Marshall plan provided food, machinery and materials to rebuild Western Europe and combat communism. The Truman doctrine provided United States aid to countries that rejected communism. During the Berlin Airlift when France, Britain and the United States united Western Germany while the Soviets held West Berlin hostage and cut off supplies, the United States flew food and supplies into West Berlin.
Unlike what most of the people were expecting, the war had horrible devastations. At least 10 million soldiers died in war while 21 million were wounded. Civilians faced dangers and hardships since the world experienced food shortages. Economies were neglected because every effort was directed towards the support for the war. Hunger, influenza pandemic and other diseases caused civilians to die not only in warring countries but even in neutral c...
George C. Marshall of appointed by Truman as the Secretary of State who did a commencement speech at Harvard University for restoring Europe. After the end of war, much of the European’s continent still lay in ruins. European received shipments of food, staples, fuel and machinery. There were about sixteen countries that helped aid Western Europe and they were Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and western Germany. The Soviet Union did not trust the United States because they feared it was an attempt to weaken Soviet interest and also blocked benefits to Eastern Bloc countries creating their own Molotov plan. The goal was to help them get back on their feet after the devastation of the war. This was a good deed foreign policy. The plan helped so much that the national gross product grew as much as 25 percent. It put Western Europe back onto its feet. The plan funding ended in
Shah, Anup (2005, November 13). Hurricane Katrina. Global Issues. Retrieved from mhtml:file://F:Hurricane Katrina—Global Issues. mht
...thin the Marshall Plan, all four foreign policies are addressed with special concentration on manifest destiny in order that we might assist European governments. Upon the rebuilding of Europe, the U.S. was once again able to expand its economic markets.