Overview of the Issue of Contraception

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According to the Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics article, “Margaret Sanger”, Jennifer Chesworth stated, “it was not until Margaret Sanger became the leader in the movement in the early nineteenth century to secure reproductive rights for women when the issue of birth control became a big deal” (1). This was the beginning of the first pregnancy prevention movement, where Sanger was the “founder of the first birth control clinic in the United States and later, of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America and the International Planned Federation” (Chesworth 1). Sanger was born into an extremely devoted Catholic Irish American family, where she tried to escape the strict living conditions of the world she lived in, this is where she joined the Women’s Committee of the New York Socialist Party and participated in labor strikes organized by the Industrial Workers of the World (Chesworth 1). At the time, Sanger was working as a nurse in the Lower East Side of New York City, and because they were all poor families, she focused her attention on sex education and women’s health and reproductive rights. The article stated, “she argued that a woman's right to control her own body was the foundation of her human rights, that limiting family size would liberate working-class women from the economic burdens associated with unwanted pregnancies, and that women are as much entitled to sexual pleasure and fulfillment as men” (Chesworth 2). Meaning that women should be viewed as equal to men, no matter what society believes. This movement was the first attempt to educate both parents and teenagers about the alternative options of pregnancy prevention. During the movement, Sanger's ideas remained controversial to those who did no... ... middle of paper ... ...f Teen Pregnancy." Urban Institute Press. 2008. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. Moore, Kristin. "Early Sex, Contraception, and Childbearing: A Review of Recent Research." Child Trends. Web. 15 Apr. 2014. Seager, Joni. The Penguin Atlas of Women in the World. 4th edition. New York: Penguin Group, 2009. Print. "Sources of Support for Teenage Parents." Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Congressional Budget Office, 1990. Web. 14 Apr. 2014. "Study Finds Free Contraceptives Cut Abortion Rate." The New York Times. The New York Times, 04 Oct. 2012. Web. 16 Apr. 2014. Zill, Nicholas, and Nord C. Winquist. Running in Place: How American Families Are Faring in a Changing Economy and an Individualistic Society, 1994. ERIC - Running in Place: How American Families Are Faring in a Changing Economy and an Individualistic Society, 1994. Child Trends, Inc, 1994. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.
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