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Overview of Tuberculosis and Its Treatment

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Tuberculosis, MTB or TB is a common and in many cases fatal, infectious disease caused by various stains of mycobacterium, usually – Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. (Behera, 2010). Tuberculosis is spread from one individual to another by speaking, sneezing, coughing or singing. When there is contact by one of the mentioned transmissions, a person may be placed at risk for contracting this disease (bacteria) that attacks the lungs. An attack on the lungs occur when the person breaths in the air, thus the bacteria is entered. The human body may consume bacteria that cause TB. Our immune system usually can prevent illness. Because of this, physicians distinguish between latent tuberculosis and active tuberculosis. Signs and symptoms of active TB is:

1) Unintentional 4) Chills 7) Fever

2) Weight loss 5) Loss of appetite 3) Night sweats 6) Fever

A healthy immune system can often fight the bacteria of TB, but if the immune system defense is low the mount is not effective. (WHO, 2012). In this paper I will discuss and apply knowledge of individuals with the infectious communicable disease known as tuberculosis. Registered professional nurses have an important role in infection control and prevention. In this paper I will state the importance of the registered nurses role in infection and control and also apply the findings from an evidence –based practice to patients with infectious and communicable disease.

Breaking the Chain: The Patient with an Infectious Disease (Tuberculosis)

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most known infectious diseases caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis that affects the lungs and can affect any age. Tuberculos...

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