They always interfere with the lives of the humans. Gilgamesh realizes the power of the gods when his friend, Enkidu dies and he hunts for the secret of an eternal life. He is somewhat jealous that the gods are the only ones who will live on forever. “What interests me, to drink from the well of immortality, which means to make the dead rise from their graves,” 5 Pg 74 shows the desires of Gilgamesh of becoming immortal. The gods are controlling the humans in one way, which leads to an imbalance in society.
The eternal life you are seeking you shall not find. When the gods created mankind, they established death for mankind, and withheld eternal life for themselves” (Gilgamesh 97). At the end of his journey, he learned that he must accept his mortality. Odysseus and Telemachus’ life seemed to constantly be at risk no matter what adventure they were on; however, their concern for death did not seem to impair
Instead, Gilgamesh wants to “set up his name in the place where the names of famous men are written, and where no man’s name is written yet he will raise a monument to the gods” (70-1). Gilgamesh succeeds in his plan for making himself famous by first defeating the guardian of the forest, Humbaba, and shortly after, the bull of heaven. During these battles Gilgamesh declares that there is “nothing to fear! … if I fall I leave behind me a name that endures” (71). Having reconciled himself to the fact that fate has indeed determined when he will die, h... ... middle of paper ... ...O, Gilgamesh…great is thy praise” (119).
Not only that, but Apollo’s oracle told Oedipus about his terrible fate that involve his parents to make him move to Thebes. Finally, they send a plague to the Thebans for not punishing the murderer of their king, which results in Oedipus’ exile or execution. Oedipus, the wise king, has never been destroyed by an evil man, but he was totally destroyed by what they call merciful, just gods.
It is this displacement that causes Grendel to destroy. Since he cannot “approach the throne” (28) like other people, he chooses to try to destroy the throne, because he has “no love for him (God)” (28). This is the main reason Grendel is symbolic of displaced peoples. After all, he is a direct descendent of the very first displaced people, Adam and Eve. However, unlike Adam and Eve, Grendel is doomed to an eternity of banishment from God’s light because of Cain’s sin against his brother.
“How can I rest, how can I be at peace? Despair is in my heart. What my brother is now, that shall be when I am dead. Because I am afraid of death I will go as best as I can to find Utnapishtim whom they call farwell, for he has entered the assembly of gods.” (Gilgamesh, 507) Gilgamesh finally finds Utnapishtim and demands for immortally. Untnapishtim explains to Gilgamesh that all that he did was obey the gods, in return the gods gave him immortality.
Of all of the events that occurred, the gods were not pleased. After the bull was killed and the cedar trees were cut, Enkidu had to be seen by the gods in council. Thus, the decision that Enkidu must die because of these acts was established. (53) The death of his friend is unreal to Gilgamesh. Thorkild Jacobsen points out that “…it touches him in all its stark reality, and Gilgamesh refuses to believe it.” (Thorkild Jacobsen, “And Death The Journey’s End,” 191) Gilgamesh goes on to seek eternal life.
She tells Gilgamesh that Enkidu lived among the animals and had no family and that Enkidu would be a loyal friend and never abandon him. Gilgamesh and Enkidu became best companions until Enkidu death. Gilgamesh is devastated when Enkidu dies and is more determined than ever to find immortality. Gilgamesh had heard of a human that was given immortality by the gods and he sets out to find. Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh that he was pre-warned of the great flood by the god wisdom, Ea who told him to build a boat large enough to hold two of every animal as well as his family.
Lucretius wrote a story where the Greek princess Iphigeneia was killed by her father Agamemnon, with the hope that he could win the favor of the gods by sacrificing his own daughter. In this case 'religion stood with all that power for wickedness . . .too many times /religion mothers crime and wickedness'; (Lucretius 452). The Romans at that time saw themselves as 'laying foully groveling on earth, weighed down /by grim religion looming from the skies, threatening mortal men';(Lucretius 451).
Once he arrives, Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh that nothing is forever. That houses are not made to stand forever and rivers not always to rise and that man is the same. The gods have decreed that man be mortal, although the day of his death they do not tell. He explains to Gilgamesh that the quest for immortality is pointless and unavoidable by the very nature of being human. Not satisfied, Gilgamesh then asks Utnapishtim who is himself a man how he managed to achieve immortality.