Overview of Migraines

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Did you know that in America alone, roughly around 36 million people suffered from migraine attacks? Migraines are one of the most common diseases, but the trickiest when finding the source. Women are three times more likely to experience a migraine rather than a male. The prevalence of migraines between male to female is; males are 6.5% and 18.2% in women. That’s a huge difference in percentages if the whole United States is put in perspective. According to (Dr. Karin Johnson a neurologist of Bay State medical center’s sleep center) a migraine is a very common disorder and about 20% of people have migraines. Everyone often mistake migraines for a psychological disorder rather than a neurological one when in fact about 24% have gone to an hospital emergency room with intense pain. Tension headaches are caused by tight muscles in the scalp and/or neck. The difference between a headache and a migraine is that migraines are much more severe and disabling while a headache can be unpleasant but tolerable. A migraine occurs when nerve cells in the brain are activated. They release chemicals which cause the blood vessels in the brain to dilate, and become inflamed. Doctors used to think that migraines were primarily a vascular event, which are related to the blood vessels and connected with the circulatory system. Headaches and migraines are diagnosed according to their individual symptoms. Although migraines can be short these attacks are episodic chronic lasting from four to seventy- two hours. The first sign of a migraine is called a prodrome or known as a pre headache, which is a sick or moody feeling. The second sign is an aura which is a flashing reoccurring light that causes bright spots in your eyes or zig- zags in their vision... ... middle of paper ... ...lth Letter 32.10 (2007): 4-5. MasterFILE Elite. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. MITCHELL, KATHLEEN. "Mitigating Migraines." Businesswest 28.13 (2012): 44-59. MasterFILE Elite. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. Solan, Matthew. "The Migraine Solution." Natural Health 36.4 (2006): 53-98. MasterFILE Elite. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. "Stop Migraines Before They Start." Harvard Health Letter 37.10 (2012): 1-7. MasterFILE Elite. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. When Headaches Won't Go Away." Harvard Women's Health Watch 20.2 (2012): 4-5. MasterFILE Elite. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. Tentative thesis: Although migraines are becoming increasingly more prevalent in women than men, new research might reduce the problem. POD 1) Women experience more migraines than men. 2) Migraines have identifiable symptoms. 3) Migraines have a variety of triggers. 4) There are many new treatment options. 5) Research shows that migraines can be prevented.
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