Overview of DNA

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DNA (deoxynbonucleicacid) is a sensational object. It defines what an organism is, it is what makes a human a human and not a medusa that thrives in tropical oceans. If a human's DNA were to be unraveled, it would reach 140 astronomical units and would be able to go to the moon and back more than 6000 times. Yet, every single organism- viruses are not exceptions - has some amount of DNA, however minute. DNA and genetics have bafiled people for millermia. Civilizations have peaked and plmnmeted for the many years when DNA was completely obscured from even the minimal knowledge. The knowledge evading nucleic acid has finally given up some of its secrets. For centuries, people have made discoveries about genetics. They noticed that certain traits are repetitive along the generations of a single fumily. However, people did not know how or why they occurred. Eventnally, to solve this immensely long "Artemis Fowf' mystery, someone just made up and assumed the inexplicably wrong theory that the medium of inheritance is blood, hence the word bloodline. It wasn't until the great father of genetics, Gregor Mendel that humanity really started to unlock its own deep secrets. Gregor Mendel (July 20, 1822- Jannary 6, 1884) was a monk who dwelled in the Augustinian Monastery (St. Thomas's Abbey) in Brno, Austria. His monastery put much effurt into trying to discover more about science. Mendel was required to do scientific research on one field of science. His topic was heredity and he meant to make a discovery via mice. However, the senior monks and the abbot did not like the idea of one of their own monks working on animal sex. Mendel then began to work through pea plants for a multitude of valid ... ... middle of paper ... ...int. Snedden, Robert. Cell Division & Genetics. Chicago, Ill: Heinemann Library, 2003. Print. Snedden, Robert. Dna & Genetic Engineering. Chicago, Ill: Heinemann Library, 2003. Print. Robert H. Herndon Memorial Science Competition DNA DNA is essential to all living things. It is required fur any organism to grow, make proteins, and it controls how many of each protein is produced inside the nbosomes. Eventually these lead up to your traits. The proteins also control certain parts in DNA replication and also cell replication DNA can also be used to find evolutionary connections. These include how long ago the common ancestors of two or more organisms lived or whether two species are actually related. This type of science put with comparative anatomy or fossil records can help make classifications. DNA is essential in the cloning of organisms.

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