“ ADHD, a disorder beginning in childhood, characterized by a persistent inability to sit still, focus attention on specific tasks, and control impulses,” contributed by Michael Woods to Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common mental disorders of childhood. Many children grow out of ADHD by adolescent or adult years, but many do not. Studies show ADHD in adulthood is more severe and may cause long term effects. Diagnosing ADHD is very difficult, because most children are inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive at least some of the time.
Among the behavioral disorders that are commonly diagnosed, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, is the most prevalent among youth and children. It is a persistent disorder that is attributed to neurobehavioral problems. About 3%-5% of all the children in America are affected by ADHD. The disorder is characterized by inability to concentrate or focus on a task and exercise behavioral inhibition that is normally related to age. ADHD affects both children and adults and the manifestation of symptoms differs in certain respects while some aspects are similar.
Many children with ADHD who have been identified are transferred to alternative educational settings, which may offer little if any meaningful education. More importantly, these alternative settings often fail to offer essential educational and therapeutic components the students need to be able to control or eliminate behaviors determined to be beyond the control of typical school settings. Children with ADHD are disproportionately affected by these circumstances for two reasons. First, some of the neurological differences of ADHD may reveal themselves as behavior, which is inconsistent with classroom and school rules, ranging from minor non-compliance in most cases to severe misbehavior in relatively few extreme cases. Second, in contrast to children with other disabilities who are already served under the IDEA, many children with ADHD are in school districts, which do not consider ADHD a qualifying disability under the federal special education law.
“Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a condition in which a person not only has a great difficulty concentrating for more than a few minutes but also is inattentive, impulsive, and overactive” (The Developing Person Through the Life Span, page 310). Both children and adults are diagnosed with ADHD, but children hold a higher percentage of this diagnosis because the disorder usually appears in early to middle childhood. “The average age of ADHD diagnosis was 7 years of age, but children reported by their parents as having more severe ADHD were diagnosed earlier” (Web, CDC). The symptoms of childhood ADHD, from a personal standpoint, seem to almost mirror what I have observed as normal (developmental) childhood behavior (angst). “The main symptom, (among the three main symptoms) of ADHD is the inability to pay attention.
Children with ADHD have a hard time focusing so paying attention becomes unbearable. Making friends and getting along with adults is a difficult task, because ADHD comes with behavior issues. ADHD incorporates a couple of group behaviors, inattentiveness and a combination of hyperactivity and impulsiveness (Davis, 2009, para 1). Figure 1: Contai... ... middle of paper ... ...of seeking therapy and gaining knowledge about ADHD. Not all of the reviews I read were pro medication, however, doing, what works best for each child differs.
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is commonly referred to as ADHD. ADHD is a medical condition that is categorized by complications with inattentiveness or hyperactivity and impulsivity. However, these indicators must be severe enough to cause glitches with daily functioning in two of the following places: at home, in school, in the community or in the workplace. Sufferers of the disorder tend to have greater risks for other psychiatric and behavioral disorders. ADHD use to be thought of as a childhood disorder, however, more research shows that ADHD continues into adolescence and also into adulthood.
Generally this disorder is diagnosed in children at early stages of development. The causes of this disorder may be related to gender, depression, emotions, environmental factors, and developmental factors. ADHD children are often mistaken with excessive maladaptive behavior, and the opposite goes for children who are merely active in daily living. Some children are misdiagnosed with ADHD and medicated thereafter. However the children diagnosed correctly with ADHD may not respond to medication.
And it can cause the person to always be full of an abnormal amount of energy (Kids Health). There are many symptoms to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Internal Mental Health). People who suffer with ADHD may fail to give close attention to details or make carless mistakes in schoolwork or in other daily activities. They may have a difficult time staying attentive in certain tasks. They don’t listen when being directly spoken to; they don’t follow through with instructions and fail to complete chores, schoolwork, and other tasks.
Many people don’t even know what attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders for children. It causes children to be hyperactive, act without thinking, have trouble focusing, and have problems paying attention to instructions. Since many children have these symptoms without having ADHD, Kingsley explains in more detail: Of course, all kids (especially younger ones) act this way at times, particularly when they're anxious or excited. But the difference with ADHD is that symptoms are present over a longer period of time and occur in different settings.
The symptoms of this disorder include difficulty controlling behavior, difficulty staying focused and paying attention and hyperactivity (over-activity). In order for a child to be diagnosed with ADHD not all symptoms have to be present. These symptoms can make it challenging for a child with ADHD to be successful in school, getting along with other children, or finishing tasks at home. (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, 2012). ADHD is recognized under Axis 1 in the DSM-V, as it is classified as a clinical syndrome.