It puts a heavy onus on the families and carers of those moved by the day-to-day responsibility of worrying for a patient with dementia are likely to suffer from physical and psychological torment as one would expect from a highly stressful occupation. Today plenty of steps can be removed to prevent the onset of the three primary types of dementia: Alzheimer’s disease, Vascular Dementia and Lewy Body Dementia. Dementia describes a range of symptoms that encompasses more than 100 conditions affecting the brain. The World Health Organisation (WHO) labels dementia as a syndrome caused via disease of the brain, typically of a progressive nature, where there is disorder of several higher cortical functions (World Health Organisation, 2007). People with dementia show deficiencies in neurocognitive function such as reduced memory and defective performance of mundane activities such as cleaning the house (Gallo et al., 2008).
Plaques and tangles are major features of Alzheimer’s disease, along with nerve cell communication issues within the brain. By the final stage, damage is widespread and brain tissue has shrunk significantly (National Institutes of Health, 2012). Early Signs and Symptoms As dementia of the Alzheimer’s type (DAT) is frequently the cause of dementia in the geriatric population common symptoms, treatments and the efficacy of the treatments will be discussed. Dementia of the Alzheimer’s type is a cognitive impairment, resulting in the inability to learn and retain new inform... ... middle of paper ... ...Abnormal Psychology (15th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
Alzheimer’s disease Holly Salyards Cincinnati State Technical & Community College Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive brain disease which slowly destroys thinking and memory skills. These changes are severe enough to interfere with day to day life. This irreversible disease is the most common cause of dementia amongst the elderly, with an appearance of first symptoms after age 60. In 1906, Dr. Alois Alzheimer, noticed some changes in the brain tissue of a woman who had died of an unusual mental illness. Her symptoms were comprised of memory loss, language problems, and unpredictable behavior.
Many things can cause damage to the brain cells such as, diseases that cause deterioration in the brain like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Strokes, nutritional deficiencies, and head injuries can all also cause the on set of Dementia in a person. The symptoms of Dementia are widely varied, but at least two or more mental functions must be significantly weakened to be considered to have Dementia. Memory loss and the ability to focus and pay attention much are two common symptoms seen in patients who have Dementia. Memory loss is usually the earliest and most noticeable symptom (WebMD 2011).
For reasons not well understood, these plaques and tangles take over healthy brain tissue, which devastates the areas of the brain associated with intellectual function. There are a number of behaviors which may signal that a person might be in the beginning stages of Alzheimer’s disease. Here is a list of warning signs: (1) difficulty with familiar tasks, (2) slipping job performance, (3) language difficulties, (4) co... ... middle of paper ... ...ar the burden of caring for them. It is a slow, progressive disease with no known cure. As our population ages, Alzheimer’s is a tragedy that is affecting more and more people.
This memory loss is slowly joined with forgetfulness, cluelessness of hygiene, impaired judgement, and loss of concentration. The later symptoms... ... middle of paper ... ...new treatments and earlier diagnostic. Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common form of dementia, yet there is no cure. As the disease progresses, patients get worse and worse until death. This disease is caused by a buildup of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain, which do not let the brain function properly.
Alzheimer's Disease: What are we Forgetting? Alzheimer's disease (pronounced Alz'-hi-merz) is a progressive, degenerative disease that affects the brain and results in impaired memory, thinking and behavior. It was first described by Dr. Alois Alzheimer in 1906 and has been diagnosed in millions of people to this day (1). This disease results, ultimately, in the destruction of the brain and brings new meaning and insights into just how much brain may equal behavior. Alzheimers is a degenerative disease that usually begins gradually, causing a person to have memory lapses in both basic knowledge and simple tasks (7).
Inadequate training, lack of specialised education, negative attitudes and poor practice development can precipitate a failure in the delivery of high-quality care for the hospitalised dementia people (Chater & Hughes 2012). Brain Activity Changes Dementia progressively affects almost all brain functions, including the control of motor function (Plosker & Gauthier 2009). The cell damage leads to tissue shrinkage and limited function in the brain's frontal and temporal lobes, which control emotions, planning, and reasoning, judgment, speaking, understanding and controlling movements (Narvid et al 2009). Consequently people with dementia may suffer the difficulty of solving p... ... middle of paper ... ...rnal Of The Australasian Rehabilitation Nurses' Association (JARNA), 14(3), 8-12. McKay, A., O'Neil, M., & McMonigle, A.
To discuss this subject we would discuss the most common form of dementia among old people, the Alzheimer's disease. Dementia is a brain disorder, a loss of intellectual function (thinking, remembering, reasoning), which substantially affects a person's ability to carry out daily activities. Alzheimer's disease (AD), a form of progressive, irreversible dementia with no known cause or cure, first described in 1906 by Dr. Alois Alzheimer, causes damage to the parts of the brain that control thought, memory and language. The consequences of the disease in terms of the patient's lifestyle are often times confused with the natural syndromes of aging. However, AD is not a normal part of aging.
Alzheimer’s disease affects 1 out of every 8 people in the United States. It is a long and debilitating disease that affects every aspect of a person’s life from the way they preform daily tasks, to the physical and mental abilities that are diminishing. Along with the lifestyle changes that Alzheimer’s disease presents, it also affects one’s psychological perspective as well their view on what they can offer their family and society. There are some ways to maintain a level of independence with a disease of this magnitude but there are also factors in lifestyle choices that can make it worse. Alzheimer cannot be cured, it cannot be slowed, but there are ways to keep the effected person at a certain level of comfort, independence and safety that is relevant to their survival, emotionally and physically.