Treatments include antipsychotic medications that come with a slew of negative side effects, psychosocial treatments, illness management skill therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Schizophrenia is often accompanied by substance abuse, so rehab often comes along with treatment of the disorder. Nobody really knows exactly what causes schizophrenia, which is one of the things that makes it so interesting. It appears to be a culmination of many different factors. These many factors include: genetics- schizophrenia is up to 80% heritable (Picker, Psychiatric Times), prenatal complications, slower fetal growth, which sometimes indicates cerebral atrophy, hypoxia near the time of birth, prenatal infections, childhood infections, childhood antecedents, substance abuse, and life experiences.
(1) The environment surrounding an individual also can trigger the onset of schizophrenia. It has been observed that family stress, trauma, and poor social interactions all have the tendency to promote schizophrenic behavior, though it does not necessarily cause it. Going along with this, it is also possible that prenatal conditions affect the development of schizophrenia... ... middle of paper ... ...he causes of schizophrenia. (3) After researching schizophrenia, it is apparent that there is no clear answer to the question of what causes the psychiatric disorder. Rather, there is much debate about the four hypotheses that seem to dominate the scientific community as of late.
Their speech and behavior can be so disorganized that they may be incomprehensible or frightening to others. Available treatments can relieve many symptoms, but most people with schizophrenia continue to suffer some symptoms throughout their lives; it has been estimated that no more than one in five individuals recovers completely. Schizophrenia is found not only in the US but the whole world. The first signs of schizophrenia often appear as confusing, or even shocking, changes in behavior. The sudden onset of severe psychotic symptoms is referred to as an “acute” phase of schizophrenia.
Families and society are disturbed by schizophrenia too. Several individuals with schizophrenia have trouble maintaining a job or look after themselves, so they depend on others for aid. Treatment aids ease numerous indications of schizophrenia, but utmost individuals who have the disorder manage with indic... ... middle of paper ... ...17 Davidson, L., 2003, Living outside mental illness: Qualitative studies of recovery in schizophrenia, New York: New York University Press Hawton, K., Sutton, L., Haw, C., Sinclair, J., & Deeks, J. J., 2005, Schizophrenia and suicide: systematic review of risk factors, The British Journal of Psychiatry, 187(1), 9-20 Lehman, A. F., Lieberman, J. A., Dixon, L. B., McGlashan, T. H., Miller, A. L., Perkins, D. O., & Kreyenbuhl, J., 2004, Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with schizophrenia, The American Journal of Psychiatry, 161(2 Suppl), 1-56 Sawa, A., & Snyder, S. H., 2002, Schizophrenia: diverse approaches to a complex disease, Science, 296(5568), 692-695 Stefansson, H., Ophoff, R. A., Steinberg, S., Andreassen, O. A., Cichon, S., Rujescu, D., ... & Kahn, R. S., 2009, Common variants conferring risk of schizophrenia, Nature, 460(7256), 744-747
This can terrify people with the illness and make them withdrawn or extremely agitated.” (National Institute of Mental Health) Schizophrenia has been around throughout history, back in the day people believed that those suffering from the illness were possessed by demons and they were feared. It has been found that it is easier for people to deal with the idea of cancer than to deal with the idea of a loved one displaying odd behavior, hallucinations, and strange ideas like those of a patient with schizophrenia. Most mental disorders are not well understood by many, and the causes of schizophrenia are also poorly understood. Schizophrenia is an illness that often requires lifetime treatment, but there is hope of finding a better treatment for this illness that many fear. Schizophrenia is characterized by a broad range of unusual behaviors that cause disruption in the lives of the people living with it, as well as the people that surround them.
For some people, such an experience is too shocking, too fearsome, too repulsive. They hurry away, trying to dismiss the image of the deranged individual from their minds. No other illness is as disabling and baffling as schizophrenia. Today, in spite of the drugs that have allowed many schizophrenics to live at home or in the community, a significant number of people admitted to mental hospitals are victims of the disease. According to the Encyclopedia Of Health, schizophrenics account for nearly 40% of admissions to state mental hospitals, 30% of psychiatric admissions to Veterans Administration hospitals, and about 20% of admissions to private psychiatric hospitals.
However, “If paranoid schizophrenia does frequently reflect an underlying depression, then many paranoid schizophrenic patients have in fact been misdiagnosed” (Zigler and Glick, 1988). The symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia are shared by many other disorders as well. Therefore, paranoid schizophrenia by itself is very complicated and is a very broad subject. Hallucinations and delusions could not only be considered schizophrenia or depression, it could be considered another medical issue. One probably no one has even thought to think about.
It is different because multiple personality is where the person acquires multiple personalities, but in schizophrenia, the person is living in a different reality in his head. Many people with schizophrenia experience delusions, hallucinations, uncontrolled laughing, and disordered thinking and behavior (Gattaz). Although the causes are yet unknown, the online article “Schizophrenia,” written by The National Institute of Mental Health, claims that “scientists have long known that sc... ... middle of paper ... ...e causes of schizophrenia, hopefully with research, time, and dedication, there will be more of an understanding to what these people are going through and hopefully a cure to this awful illness. Works Cited Gattaz, W. F., ed. "Schizophrenia."
Mental illness is seen throughout society as a negative subject, many suffer through not only with the disorders but, also the shame that comes along. In this article we will look at one of the most severe mental disorders in hopes of achieving a better knowledge of the disorder and to debunk some of the misconceptions of having a mental disorder. Approximately fifty million Americans suffer from mental illness. Of those fifty million only about twenty-five percent seek help due to the stigma behind mental illness. Mental illness ranges anywhere from extremely mild cases to some of the more severe illness such as schizophrenia (Brown, Kaylene; Bradley, Loretta J.
This step of the journey toward wellness could be a giant one. Different antipsychotics work differently on different people. But, once the right drug and right dosage is established, the only way to go is up! Schizophrenia Information for the Family It can be quite stressful...