Prior to the 1650’s, the Dutch Republic was the wealthiest and most powerful province in Holland through Amsterdam, the leading force in trade and banking. Many European nations were jealous of their success and wanted it for themselves which resulted in conflicts between the Dutch and many European powers. As a result, the Dutch Republic entered a period of decline until the Peace of Utrecht of 1713. The expensive wars with England and France, decline in trade and distrust between the Dutch provinces led to challenges in security, unity and prosperity of the Republic. The wars with England and France threatened the national security of the Dutch Republic.
The Dutch Republic in 1650, being a formidable commercial, financial, and naval power at the time, faced many imperialistic challenges which led to the end of its golden age by the year 1713. The security of the Dutch Republic was consistently being challenged with wars because of weak military capabilities among the merchants, and this was viewed by the Dutch as a sign of an impending set of military conflicts and to foreign nations as a way to win over the republic. The wealthiest of the provinces, being Holland at the time, led to rivalries and jealous unequal provinces that all viewed Holland as a threat and also fought to get ahead of each other. The prosperity of the Dutch Republic was starting to crumble as trade was being damaged which led to the destruction of the empire, and the Dutch viewed this as a reason for why there was great competition between the Republic and the English. Because of all the wars that the Dutch Republic was involved in, they were not capable to deal with the wars because Holland was the only province with some money and could not win against larger nations such as England who could became a threat.
The irregular and disorganized British rule of the American colonies in the previous years led to the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. Most Americans did not originally want to separate from mother England. They wanted to stay loyal to the crown. England’s unwillingness to compromise, mismanagement of the colonies, heavy taxation of the colonists that violated their rights, the distractions of foreign affairs and politics in England and the strict trading policies that England tried to enforce together made the revolution inevitable. The British were definitely expected to win the dispute because they significantly over powered the Colonists in most areas.
The British constantly exploited the nation for its prime resources and yet India had no gain from them. As the British Empire expanded, the wealth, resources and power of India attenuated. Slowly the suffering of the people of India grew. Meanwhile, Britain concentrated on increasing profits for its share-holders and officials, neglecting the suffering people of India and not to mention draining the wealth out of a great nation. Furthermore, new British laws destroyed the Indian industries that the British actually helped create in the first place.
However, their opinion that “other kings seem more and more to scheme how to ruin wh... ... middle of paper ... ...from one end by declining trade due to war and from the other by citizens, angry that their taxes had to fight the wars. The economic problems made finding war funding hopeless while the internal conflicts constantly pushed the fragile central government. The Dutch Republic made a steady decline following the 1650s. Though their budding commercial power in Amsterdam was great for both them and Europe, other countries saw that power as a potential threat. Seeking to take some of that commerce for their own use, nations like England and France allied to wage devastating war on the Dutch Republic.
The Republicans preferred for businesses and the industry to grow, rather than the agricultural sector. The gov... ... middle of paper ... ... between each other, each time for a bit more. The public would then see the price rising and then buy the shares giving the companies a nice profit. Therefore the laissez-faire policy was the sole reason for the collapse of the stock exchange as it had such a huge impact. Thus the collapse of the stock exchange was the result of many different causes.
One of the first challenges to the Dutch Republic dealt with military and how countries, such as the English, wanted to snatch the Dutch’s profitable sea trade routes for themselves. As a result of military conflicts, the Dutch Republic’s economy decreased as a whole due to the fact that wars burdened the previously flourishing trade routes and wealthy cities. Another challenge to the Dutch Republic was unity and how Dutch cities began to doubt other provinces of loyalty to one another, which destroyed most efforts of unification for retaliation against the countries attacking the Dutch. Overall, the major decline of the Dutch Republic was a great example of when one part of a nation goes down, the rest of the nation followed suit. One of the first parts of the Dutch Republic to become challenged, which led to an overall decline, was the military or security.
The colonists did not like this one bit. If they were able to go out west, it would mean more land, more opportunity, and more land means more money so even the poor would have a shot at making money. The colonists expected to be treated as full-fledged British citizens, but of course, the British just treated them as inferiors. To the British, America was the worst place you could go, full of convicts and criminals.
After the Townshend Acts were repealed, however, these merchants were eager to continue their importation of British goods, in addition to selling their goods back out to the motherland. For the wealthy colonial merchants, the disruption of profit from the backlogged inventory led them to appear revolutionary as they boycotted British goods. Once the economic tide turned, they were back to building good relations with Britain (many becomin... ... middle of paper ... ... man. It is clear that there were many strata that were represented in the struggle for American independence. These strata were never united along the same lines, which is why it is remarkable that the American Revolution took flight in the first place.
The King of England and Parliament were the direct causes of the American Revolution, because of their demands on colonists and harsh reactions after the colonists failure to meet their ridiculous expectations. These demands were far greater than any loyal American was able to provide. The taxes placed on Americans were so heinous that the sugar in their mugs was taxable. Survival while paying these taxes was slim to none. How could Britain force such severe taxes on the greatest asset of the crown.