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5 from "TANSTAAFL: The Economic Strategy for Environmental Crisis" 1974, pp. 55-72. Southwick, Charles H., Ch. 15 from "Global Ecology in Human Perspective" Oxford Univ. Press, 1996, pp.
Factors Shaping Recycling Habits The United States generates more solid waste each year than any than any other nation. The total cost of disposing of this waste has reached nearly $75 billion annually. Only 17% of the municipal solid waste is recycled in the United States, compared with 40% in Japan and up to 60% in some Western European countries (Oskamp et al., 1995). America's landfill system for disposing of this waste is quickly reaching its limits, and managing this waste is becoming increasingly costly and problematic. There are two solutions available for this problem: reduce the amount of waste originally generated or to increase recycling (Porter et al., 1995).
Susskind, Lawrence E., William Moomaw and Teresa L. Hill ed. Innovations in International Environmental Negotiation. (1997) Cambridge, MA: PON Books. Winnefeld, James A. and Mary E. Morris. Where Environmental Concerns and Security Strategies Meet: Green Conflict in Asia and the Middle East.
"Environmental Law" Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. Danbury: Grolier, 1995. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. 13 August 1992.
While the industrial revolution, per say, is over, industry is ever expanding, moving us into a faster, more efficient lifestyle. However, efficiency and advanced technology are not without their price, and that fee, even more so than monetary in nature, is more accurately quantified by an increased duress on the environment and its inhabitants. As industry expands, waste products increase, and often this waste is toxic to humans, plants, and animals. So-called advancements, such as pesticides, which can greatly increase crop production, may cause chronic health problems. Environmental stressors, such as smelters, chemical plants, incinerators, and landfills all result from efforts to improve the functioning of society, and all have adverse effects on the populations living within proximity of these stressors (Bullard 1994).
Over the past few centuries industrialism has engulfed the modern world. Despite the many advances brought about by the use of machinery and factories, these innovationsproduce copious amounts of carbon emissions, which haveled to the development of numerous environmental hazards. The effect of industrialism on the environment is something that could only be seen clearly years later. As we search for a solution to this and other pressing ecological problems, we must come from a perspective that takes industrialism, as part of the problem, into account. (Suzuki 1997) (Mclaughlin 1995)The transformation into a way of life which is more ecologically sound will be a struggle which will last for generations.
Out of the Woods: Essays in Environmental History. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997. - Kassman, Kenn. Envisioning Ecotopia: The U.S. Green Movement and the Politics of Radical Social Change. Westport: Praeger, 1997.
Lerner, Steve. Eco-Pioneers. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998. Lyle, John Tillman. Regenerative Design for Sustainable Development.
Introduction Biodiversity is the grand diversity of all life on Earth and the interconnections that support these forms of life. This astonishing diversity supports the human existence by providing numerous priceless resources such as food, fuel, and medicine. Many of these resources can not be duplicated by the human race. For these reasons it is obvious that the environment and the biodiversity that it supports are detrimental to human survival. There is one major problem that is growing each day, and that is the amount of biodiversity, along with the services and benefits that is provides is diminishing.