In this paper, I will address and identify three major issues that I believe our correctional system is facing today using my own ideas along with the researches from three reputable outside academic sources. The first issue that I would like to address is the overcrowding issues in prisons. In my opinion, overcrowding issues are the biggest issues in our correctional system that concerns every citizen. Running a prison required money, resources and manpower, with overcrowding issues, the government would have no choice but to increase the number of correctional facilities, privatized prisons and increasing manpower. According to (Levitt, 1996), “The incarceration rate in the United States has more than tripled in the last two decades.
Because of this influx in inmates, many prisoners’ rights groups have filed lawsuits charging that “overcrowded prisons violate the Constitution’s 8th Amendment ban on cruel and unusual punishment” (Clark). It is clear that the United States corrections system needs to be reformed in order to eliminate this problem. Prison overcrowding is a serious issue in society due to the fact it affects prison ... ... middle of paper ... ...oints Resource Center. Gale. Ironwood High School.
The increase in lawsuits file has made it necessary for the government to pass and sign the Prison Reform Litigation Act (PLRA) on April 26, 1996. The PLRA weeds out frivolous lawsuits that would otherwise take up time and money. In an article by Matthew Rowland, “Prison cells are double- and triple-bunked, making it more likely that some inmate misconduct will go undetected an... ... middle of paper ... ...ars to maintain prisons and house inmates. Prison overcrowding affects everyone. It is a domino effect.
Prison overcrowding is a serious issue that is rapidly growing in the United States. Since the 19th Century it has been plaguing the criminal justice system and has rolled over to our modern prison system. Overcrowding is more complex than what people see on the outside looking in. There are multiple reasons that contribute to the increase population of inmates. Throughout the years, there has been an ongoing debate on what the causes are and how they can be improved.
Works Cited Broderick, V. (1998). Criminal justice: Opposing viewpoints. (p. 114). San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, Inc. Champion, D. (2008). Sentencing: Jail and prison overcrowding.
(2011). Confronting confinement: A report of the commission of safety and abuse in america’s prisons. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 24(1), 36-41. McClellan, D.S. (2002).
International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 55(4), 646- 661. Pew Center on the States. (2011). State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons.
Retrieved April 15, 2011, from https://d2l.wcupa.edu/d2l/lms/content/viewer/main_frame.d2l?ou=309247&tId=36 53384 Young, M., Justice, J., & Edberg, P. (2010). Sexual Offenders in Prison Psychiatric Treatment : A Biopsychosocial Description. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. Retrieved April 15, 2011, from https://d2l.wcupa.edu/d2l/lms/content/viewer/view.d2l?tId=3653384&ou=309247
Ian, SC. Freckelton. “Cruel and Unusual Punishment of Prisoners with Mental Illness.” Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, vol.18, no. 18, Aug 2011, pp.329-340, Academic Search Complete, doi: 10.1080/13218719.2011.599927. Accessed 9 October 2017.