In the novel ''The Color Purple'' the Caucasians fear the African-Americans , more specifically the African-American male, thinking that he is a brute devoid of emotions, their fear of the black male is fuelling their acts of oppression towards a different race. Xenophobia is used as a way to oppress and dominate a race, to understand racism we have to understand its origins. There is no evidence suggesting when racism started but has instead been a part of history for as long as we know. For example, the ancient Greeks believed that some tribes were better than others and during the thirteen and fourteen century it was a popular belief that Jews were involved with witchcraft and associated with the Devil, those were the first sign of racism has we know it today. It is also present during the period of Renaissanc... ... middle of paper ... ...racism is used as a way to oppress and dominate minorities.
At that time Jem thought black people were bad people and terrorists. Throughout the book Jem realizes that racism is a much bigger issue than it seems, and understands that Atticus is one of few people that stand against racism publicly. Jem finally understands that “Judge Taylor naming Atticus to defend (Tom) was no accid...
Therefore, when Othello promotes Michael Cassio to lieutenant Iago becomes infuriated and filled with jealousy. Iago becomes enraged because he feels that he should have been the one to be promoted. He claims to have more experience in the field. He then strives to get rid of Cassio in hopes of attaining the position he desires in doing so he also manipulates Othello and fills his soul with jealousy and insecurity. Othello’s insecurities and jealousy eat him alive and lead him to his downfall.
Powerful Stereotypes in Invisble Man Ellison creates many stereotypes of African Americans of his time. He uses this to bring less informed readers to understand certain characters motives, thoughts, and reasoning. By using each personality of an African American in extremes, Ellison adds passion to the novel, a passion that would not be there if he would let individualism into his characters. Individualism, or lack there of is also significant to the novel. It supports his view of an anti-racial America, because by using stereotypes he makes his characters racial these are the characters that the Americans misunderstand and abominate.
For example Conrad says, "the thought of their humanity-like yours…Ugly" (Conrad). This just goes to show that when Conrad is compared to a black man he is discussed because he is racist. One reason we say the Europeans were racist was because they made the blacks be their slaves. The audience can see the people of color doing work for the white people and that just goes to show that they were racist. Women are discriminated throughout this book.
Since there was such strong racism in Maycomb, there were excuses made for whites. In the book, it was obvious that Bob Ewell was a mean man. It was also obvious that he was abusive to his daughter, Mayella, and he was the one who violated her, not Tom Robinson, because what the evidence showed. But, the people of Maycomb over-looked the evidence in favor of Tom Robinson, just because he was black. In Harper Lee’s book, To Kill A Mockingbird, there are many examples of racism.
Iago is miserable with his life, so he is going to make everyone else around him feel his misery. Just like the saying goes “Misery loves company”, meaning unhappy people want other people to be unhappy as well. “Iago is (this is true) the Demon who moves everything, but Othello is the one who acts: He loves, is jealous, kills and kills himself (Rosenthal).” Iago’s scornful attitude towards Othello is fueled by the fact that he was overlooked for a promotion to be Othello’s lieutenant. The promotion was given to a highly educated man by the name of Michael Cassio. “As Iago, the man of resentment par excellence, who represents the levelling jealousy of all superior attainment, says of Cassio: "he hath a daily beauty in his life that makes me ugly" ( Othello, 5.2) (Bonetto I).” Since he was elected to be Othello’s lieutenant, Iago has a motive to be bitter and jealous towards Cassio.
In Elizabethan times, people tended to be very racist and treated black people appallingly. So the Elizabethan audiences expected the character Othello to be the villain, but Shakespeare subverted their expectations by making Othello the lead and Iago the 'White man' the villain. This play focuses on two main characters. One, being Iago who is psychologically astute, deceiving and a misanthrope. His sadistic character hurts everyone in a web of deceit.
Iago also seems to be jealous of Othello because of a rumour that Emilia slept with Othello. He remarks in his soliloquy: ‘I hate the Moor, And it is thought abroad that ‘twixt my sheets He’s done in my office. I know not if ‘t be true,’. So this is a stronger motive for destroying Othello’s happiness. The dramatic irony suggests that Iago is jealous and wants revenge for more than not securing his promotion, and the audience wonder what other motives he has.
With this in mind Shakespeare would have had to mirror society’s strong beliefs and extreme behaviours against the black race. Shakespeare is presenting the message that whether you are part of the white or black race, society is constantly isolating outsiders in a situation that they never deserve. Cowhig critiqued Othello and said that “It should not be forgotten that Othello was the black noble whose humanity eroded by cunning and racism of whites” (Cowhig 7), he was a black noble man who was seduced by white evil: Iago. The actual black villain here is arguably