Osteoporosis and Periodontal Diseases

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The main aim of choosing the topic was to research on the relationship between osteoporosis disease and periodontal diseases.

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that results into decrease in bone strength and density that finally leads to weak bone prone to fragile. The bones become weak and spongy and are prone to fracture even with slight injury. Periodontal is a condition that affects the gum tissues and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial infection in the teeth causing inflammation in gum. Types of periodontal disease include gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is characterized by red, swollen and gum that easily bleeds, caused by poor oral hygiene. Periodontitis is an advanced gingivitis that goes for a long time without being treated. It is caused by accumulation of plaque on the teeth surface that spread to gum surface. Bacterial plaque releases toxin that cause gum irritation and tooth aching (Bollen, 2006).

Type of osteoporosis and periodontal diseases.

Type of osteoporosis includes primary type 1 or postmenopausal osteoporosis and secondary osteoporosis. Type 1 occurs in women who are above 75 years after menopause while secondary osteoporosis can occur at any age, mostly contributed by prolonged use of certain medicine that compresses calcium in bones or as a result of deficiency of calcium in body. Normal bones contain calcium, collagen and protein which make bones strong. Normal bones are strong, do not easily break unless with a major injury. A normal bone fracture can occur when the bone is strained, while for osteoporotic patient, bone fracture occurs with minimal stress in the course of normal activity especially when...

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...iated with symptoms such as oral discomfort, burning sensation and progression of periodontal disease.

While carrying the research, i experienced challenges in researching the relationship between osteoporosis and periodontal diseases since some information were unclear. The study of relationship between the two disease is still underway and most experiment are done on rats not experimented on human being. However the research was successful and results obtained proved that there is correlation between periodontal disease and osteoporosis disease where both are associated with loss of bone mass density. In conclusion further study is needed in research of relationship between the two diseases and people should be informed on the potential causes of osteoporosis which are potential contributing factor that lead to periodontal disease

(Megason, 2010).
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