During the Victorian Era, people were living under Queen Victoria’s monarch. During her reign, “Queen Victoria, conveyed connotations of "prudish, "repressed," and "old fashioned" (Roth). Wilde used the Victorian ideals to ridicule the upper-class by using satire in his play. The upper-class would have been the ones in the audience watching the play and they should have realized his use of satire to mock their attitudes and pretentious values. Oscar Wilde satirizes marriage, honesty, and sexuality throughout the play that the upper-class would be attending.
These points are key in both pieces of literature as they engage with the forms of society and mock their values in order to make noticeble changes to the attitudes of the era. In conclusion, Wilde's depiction of Victorian society is deeply critical and although the play is light hearted and has comedic qualities, Wilde's unmistakeable critique of societal norms and values is apparent and is one of the first plays to deal with modern issues, inspiring many other artists to explore and scrutinize the system in place. Wilde engaged with the forms of society and the superficial nature of the people within it. Lady Bracknell recapitulates Wilde's view of society “we live, I regret to say, in an age of surfaces,” She is echoed by her daughter Gwendolen “in matters of grave importance, style, not sincerity is the vital thing” Jesamine Harvey
Oscar Wilde, the writer of The Importance of Being Earnest, celebrated the Victorian Era society while criticizing it in his play. Through his play, he utilized the humorous literary techniques of pun, irony, and satire to comment on the impact of Victorian Era society left on the characters themselves. These comedic literary devices also help to show how the members of this society in the Victorian Era live by a set of unspoken rules that determine politeness, as well as proper etiquette to live by. Wilde uses a pun in the title of the work, as well as in the character personalities. Different types of irony appear in many scenes in the play, to flout the rules of society, as well as mock the intelligence of the upper-class characters, compared to the lower-class characters.
During this period writers usually wrote in a common genre which was known as the comedy of manners. As a form of satire, the genre of comedy was aimed at ridiculing human vices and follies in order to bring about a change in the society. In ‘Ghosts’ deception is used to show the tragic dimensions of the play in order to bring forth the authors intension and purpose. Throughout the play we see different characters using the tool of deception in order to conform to the rules of the society and hide their own follies. The female protagonist of the play, Mrs. Alving is shown to wear a mask in front of the society and her own son in order to hide her husband’s true identity.
In Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest, the play is set in England in the 1890s. Wilde creates a play that is almost socialist as he questions about gender roles and the strict Victorian class system. The titles of the play suggest a disquisition on the value of solemnity in daily lives of the Victorian society. However, Wilde presents an ironic play that leaves the audience with the opposite lesson. Wilde’s play is mainly social comedy and farce, where he ridicules mentality, marriage, social class and the view on love in the Victorian society.
In “My Last Duchess”, Robert Browning paints a picture with his words, which portrays Duke Ferrara as an imperialistic man that would produce anxiety in society due to their fear of reverse imperialism. “My Last Duchess” is written in a dramatic monologue style, which allows the readers to see the true temperament of Browning’s character, Duke Ferrara, and how his personality was similar to that of an imposing, imperialistic country. One key point of reverse imperialism, which society would notice in the poem, would be the compulsive nature to collect things as the Duke does. Imperialistic countrie... ... middle of paper ... ...ests many different themes. One of these themes is reverse imperialism, which may seem to be an odd theme to find in a poem, but Robert Browning truly depicts it with his character Duke Ferrara.
In order to create satire in their literature, Austen and Pope must place an ironic, mocking language in an environment, and allow the language to transform its surroundings into a parody of human moral regression. The essence of satire in Pride and Prejudice and The Rape of the Lock begins with the writer's mocking use of diction, and then spreads to how the characters, tone, and theme of the literature are heightened to a level that identifies with supercilious society. Characters in Pride and Prejudice and The Rape of the Lock are necessary tools in establishing satire within the stories. Austen uses a range of different character types in order to highlight the absurdity of society. For example, Elizabeth Bennet differs greatly from her other sisters and young ladies of Hertfordshire because h... ... middle of paper ... ...rning within society to undermine its flaws.
Humour is also used to show relationships but to guide the reader to understand social status and the interactions between status’ and how this can cause ineptness for many characters. Jane Austen introduced a novel to the nineteenth century that was produced to change the way society reacted towards novels. Pride and Prejudice was a novel created around a realistic plot emphasized by humour and irony to keep the reader interested in this entertaining and playful novel. Humour is used in several styles throughout the novel. The majority of humour is more dramatic and reveals the instability of characters; especially Mrs Bennet.
These key aspects of The Mikado further embody the dual nature of the piece’s humour and reflect the second half of Lord Byron’s quote, ‘let satire be my song’. The Mikado was created for entertainment, but with its hidden message about Britain’s social class at the time. Hence, through the use of critical humour, satire makes strong statements to society by challenging the norm and the viewer to take action. Its overall purpose is to point out the faults in people, relying on exaggeration to get the point across to the satirical texts common fool. Ultimately, satire plays a vital role in modern society today.
Author’s word can be described as how the author directly describes the character within the text. Satire can be commonly described as writing to expose the shortcomings of individuals as well as society as a whole to mockery. These three forms of characterization were used to develop many characters within Prologue to the Canterbury Tales. Examples of these three forms of character development ca... ... middle of paper ... ...ewer’s manner of describing how The Wife of Bath was a parody. The Wife of Bath was a parody because it mocked how women were ruled by men in society.