The First Industrial Revolution changed agriculture customs and the Second Industrial Revolution caused changes in production techniques, but both helped the United States industrialize and become the most successful country in the world. During the First Industrialization Revolution, there were extreme changes in agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation. Industrialization began in Britain because of the surplus of raw materials, making it one of the most dominant countries in machinery. Before the Civil War, most people were not wage owners because they either worked on agriculture or in small single-owner crafts. The Industrial Revolution began with the invention of the steam engine in Britain in 1793 by James Watt, which was used to minerals from mines.
The power loom was invented in England in 1787 and inventions such as the power loom was the kick-start to the industrial revolution. Before, everything was made by hand in Europe. Every single article of clothing was hand woven with painstaking time consuming detail, by 1850 Britain was producing 200 times more textiles than they had been 100 years previously. Before weaving clothes had been a livelihood and it had been replaced, so many people were left without a job. All of a sudden clothes were being sold at a much cheaper rate and British cloth was dominating the market all throughout Europe.
To protect its investment in the Erie Canal, the carrying of freight on railroads was temporarily prohibited by New York Legislature (Kennedy 313). George Stephenson, known as the “Father of Railways”, was an English civil engineer ... ... middle of paper ... ...beginning of the growth of a nation. The first two decades of railroading were a period of experimentation and rapid industrial development. They soon became a must for the rapidly developing world. They were used for employment, the carrying of freight, and transportation in all parts of America.
An example is like the lathe; first started out as a wood-working tool, then moved on to machine metal, and then finally it turned into something blacksmiths and clockmakers used to machine gears within 1/10,000th of an inch! This in turn, made possible the great advances in standards of living for many people throughout Western Europe. Transportation made a huge leap with the steam engine, railroads, and machining metal to form boats as well.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition of labor intensive production methods to machine production methods. This Revolution began in England in the 18th century and ended in the 19th century. The introduction of the Industrial Revolution influenced the daily life of an individual and increased the standard of living for nations worldwide participating in this revolution. Without the Industrial Revolution, refined inventions of today would not have been invented thus creating a slower and less effective method of producing goods and services in large quantities. The Industrial Revolution is the most important Revolution to occur in man’s existence on earth, and has opened door to assist man in understanding and conquering great obstacles in this environment.
By 1800 a host of new and faster processes were in use in both manufacture and transportation. Several systems of making goods had grown up by the time of the Industrial Revolution. In country districts families produced most of the supplies that they used, while in the cities merchandise was made in shops, and manufacturing was strictly regulated by the guilds and by the government. The goods made in these shops were limited and costly. The merchants needed cheaper items, as well as larger quantities, for their growing trade.
In the late 1700s the cottage industry was the main source of income for almost all Europeans. In the late eighteenth century the demand for production was increasing rapidly, but before the Europeans found new innovated ways to manufacture goods, they were having a hard time keeping up with the productivity. The transition from tools to machines was an astonishing advancement for the European countries. Europeans were the first to find more efficient ways to use their resources. With the breakthroughs in technology and the new inventions the European countries were even more powerful than they we... ... middle of paper ... ...Landless peasants were now working in factories, the economy was more stable, government and the military was stronger then ever, and Europe was one step closer to more modernized countries.
With financial help from the British government, Babbage started construction of a full-scale difference engine in 1823. It was intended to be steam-powered; fully automatic, even to the printing of the resulting tables; and commanded by a fixed instruction program. The difference engine, although of limited flexibility and applicability, was conceptually a great advance. Babbage continued work on it for 10 years, but in 1833 he lost interest because he had a "better idea" the construction of what today would be described as a general-purpose, fully program-controlled, automatic mechanical digital computer. Babbage called his machine an "analytical engine"; the characteristics aimed at by this design show true prescience, although this could not be fully appreciated until more than a century later.
Over the course of the nineteenth century, Great Britain underwent many social and economic changes due to the prosperity of the country. England’s superiority to other European countries in this era can be attributed to many different factors. First, the simple presence of a Parliament helped to maintain a strong government that granted an unprecedented number of rights to its citizens. Another cause was that this country laid the foundation for the Industrial Revolution globally. The Industrial Revolution was the general name given to a time period that marked the transition from hand-made products to machine-made products, leading to a booming economy and an abundance of jobs for unskilled workers.
In our efforts to try to explain why the Industrial Revolution took place, the globalization of the European economy is a compelling explanation. European trade and manufacture stretched to every continent except Antarctica; this vast increase in the market for European goods in part drove the conversion to an industrial, manufacturing economy. Why other nations didn't initially join this revolution is in part explained by the monopolistic control that the Europeans exerted... ... middle of paper ... ...ine in 1763; this cooling chamber condensed the steam so the cylinder itself didn't have to be cooled. Patented in 1769, Watt's steam engine had the efficiency to be applied to all kinds of industries. He was not, however, good at doing busines and it was only when he had teamed up with the businessman, Matthew Boulton, that the steam engine began to change the face of English manufacture.