After World War II, the US and Soviet Union became enemies and entered a Cold War. The two countries had been allies in the fight against Nazi Germany but tension developed as the two countries emerged from the war as global powers. The allies had teamed up because of need, not desire. As the Soviet Union sought to spread communism, capitalist America adopted a policy of containment. Their growing suspicions of each other led to the Cold War, an indirect conflict that stemmed from a fear of nuclear destruction and was fought by each country supporting different international conflicts through aid and acquisition.
This created a setback for America as they were no longer the sole owner of a functioning nuclear weapon. This began the war against the communists and the capitalists, as demonstrated by the Korean War in 1950 and the Vietnam War in 1954. During these wars, communism was battled by fighting with efforts to contain the advancement of the Soviet’s efforts. The wars shaped U.S. foreign policy because they were able to determine which alliances could benefit America and help them to remain the strongest superpower in the world. To conclude, the Red Scare changed the American society abroad and at home by getting involved in the elimination of Soviet communist transmission to the world.
The two countries had completely opposite ideas of how to run and manage a country, which in return created chaos and was the core cause of the Cold War. The necessity of power was ... ... middle of paper ... ...their actions. The Soviet Union tried to spread Communism across the world and the United States intervened and created the Truman Doctrine where they stated that they would contain communism form spreading any further. The United States was trying to protect other countries from communist control. After World War II, the United States designed the Marshall plan in order to provide economic help to the Europe and Russia.
; all this commencing the start of the Cold War. To determine the extent of the Stalin's effect on the Cold War, the investigation will compare the two interpretations: that the fault of the start of the Cold War is because Stalin and the U.S.S.R. not keeping the promises they had made at the Yalta conference, and enforcing Russian Regimes in these countries, as well as the interpretation that the reason for the Cold War was the fault of president Truman because the USA did not shared the the technology involving the atomic bomb with Russia at the end of World War 2. B. Summary of Evidence Plokhy, Serhii. Yalta: The Price of Peace.
Stalin had wanted to "cripple" Germany's economy, to protect the USSR from future th... ... middle of paper ... ... them, as they were trying to 'Contain" Communism. Many Russian Historians blamed the Cold war on Winston Churchill and President Truman. They believed that Truman and Churchill wanted to "Destroy" the U.S.S.R, which was just protecting itself from attack. In turn, many weatern writers blamed the Soviets for the Cold War, and said that Stalin was "Trying to build up the Soviet empire". As time went on, many western historians began to blame the USA for the Cold War.
The red army barred the burden of war the soviets suffered the larger loss of resources, people and equipment.as the war worsened America declared it's unprepared for war and doesn't get immediately involved in the war till 1944, singling out the soviets.soviets union holds their own just when the war started to look grim soviets pushed germany's advance all the way back to Berlin and capture it. After that truman ends the war in August 1945 with the atomic bomb which starts the cold war . TWO superpowers with opposing views (communism & capitalism). Red army originally was established as a means to protect the soviet people from the old bolsheviks during the october revolution. So as ww2 began the soviet union signed an anti-war pact with germany in august 1939 for a 4 year time period.
It began in the 1945-1948 timeframe and ended in 1989, having been a dispute over the division of Europe. By another account, the Cold War began in 1917 with the Bolshevik Revolution, and ended in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union, having been a conflict between Bolshevism and Democracy. The Cold war got its name because both sides were afraid of fighting each other in such a “hot war”, nuclear weapons might destroy everything. So, instead they fought each other indirectly. They played havoc with conflicts in different parts of the world.
Russia was trying to spread communism, abolish democracies, and spread poverty. Thus creating the Berlin Blockade, which forced America to create the Berlin Airlift. This created a greater controversy between the United States. This controversy's caused spies to enter into the opposition's country. Russia V.S.
America, with a very patriotic nature, was very disappointed with the Soviet’s behavior. This disapproving glare soon turned to irritation and anger, with the installation of communist satellite nations under Soviet rule. Finally, despite previous feelings of general friendship, Stalin declared that Soviet Communism and American Capitalism were incompatible, and that war was virtually inevitable. America, never one to be outdone in power, was scared that the Soviet Union would gain sufficient power to conquer the entire European continent through irrepressible force and the domino effect. In response to Stalin’s claim, America proposed the policy of Containment to stem the spread of Communism, and the Soviet Union’s ascension to greater power.
The final hostile movement of Stalin of importance was the Berlin blockade (insert pic 5) and airlift. When Russia grew dissatisfied with the economic disparity that had developed in Berlin, it responded by closing all road, rail and canal links between West Berlin and West German. The goal was to force western powers from West Berlin by reducing it to the starvation point. While the blame for the Cold War cannot be placed solely on either country (USA & USSR), Stalin's expansionist policy was clearly an ever-present catalyst in the war. Certainly Truman was not blameless, but the U.S. was not expanding its empire, the Soviet Union was.