The family moved (1950) to the New York, so that he could attended college. Later, Said studied at Princeton and Harvard, where he graduated Ph.D. in 1964. Most of his academic career was spent in New York as a professor at Columbia, but he was also a visiting professor at many leading universities. Like Noam Chomsky, he became an intellectual of the first rank. Both activists more or less see the public role of the intellectual in terms of being the outsider, the amateur, and the disturber of the status quo.
Judge Antonin Scalia is a New Jersey native, born in Trenton on March 11, 1936. He grew up in Manhattan, NY where his affinity for learning evolved from great teachers who gave him an incentive to put a great deal of importance on education. In middle school he studied many languages- Latin, Greek and French, which didn’t necessarily make for an introduction to the world of law. He continued his study of languages in college at Georgetown University and even declared a major in history. The idea to pursue law, however, came from his uncle back in Trenton.
Conflicts between civilizations have existed since civilizations themselves were evolved, due to differences in culture, religion, and politics. While the clash between the dominantly Christian West and the Muslim East, is certainly due to these differences, it is also the product of centuries of stereotypes inflated by biased scholarly work. More importantly, the struggle that the United States faces today with the Muslim world can be traced back to a false sense of superiority among white Europeans and the fight for power and land. Following the birth of the Islam religion onto the Arabian Peninsula, it was documented in the Qur’an, which is believed to be the word of god as communicated to the prophet Muhammad, in the year 610 . The religion itself was similar to both Christianity and Judaism, but Westerners were ignorant to this fact and considered the followers as an ethnic group.
Edward Said was a Palestinian-American literary scholar, one of the famous intellectuals in the world, and a political activist. He is best known for his theory on “Orientalism”, and the conception of the East by the West as a result of a relationship of power. Said was born in 1935 in Jerusalem, grew up in Cairo and later on sent to study in the United States where he later on continued his studies and established his position as Professor at Columbia University. According to Said, his own special position as “a child growing up in two British colonies” and his life in the United State, forced him to confront his own Identity as Palestinian in a western society, and understand himself as “the Oriental subject”. The main event that helped
The negative elements are language, traditional culture and religion problems. As English governed the India , they used an efficient way to destroy the revolt from the Indian . They taught Indian English instead of their original language. Hindi is the traditional language in India, and it has thousands of the years ’ history. English gives Indian more opportunities on global business and makes Indian have higher status in the world, however, at the same time, it causes many problems.
Bryson is best known for his travel books that have been written about North America, Britain, Europe and Australia. Many scholars do not agree with Bryson’s techniques or styles of writing. In a way, they do have a point. The best part of writing is that everyone is ent... ... middle of paper ... ... creates discussions which in today’s age are disappearing with technology. The many different aspects of Bryson’s works can be a great educational set comprised of all travel, literature, general science and the English language.
Lawrence. There are many claims which are accepted as the orthodoxy of Western historiography of the modern Middle East. However, these claim are challenged by handful of critical scholars like Mousa and Edward Said (Ashcroft & Ahluwalia, 2008).
Haykal’s main concern is establishing the rationality of Islam and rejecting orientalist objection to or criticism of the religion. Haykal (1976) suggests that for centuries, the English reader has been presented with prejudiced literature about Islam and the Prophet. He claims that some of the traditions are full of superstition and impossibilities. He suggests that the orientalists are not to blame in for their distortions of Islam because some of the irrationality of which western scholars speak is to be found in classical sources. (Preface 1:22) Haykal uses an approach that rejects Muslim conservative elements stating that the tradition maintained by the Muslim elites is what fuels the antagonism of Christian missionaries and orientalists.
The question bounces around in my head and I have a hard time understanding why the same stereotypes are continuously used, over and over again. It’s proof that orientalism still exists in modern day, and it affects how people may see Arabs and muslims. The term "Orientalism" refers to patronizing western attitudes towards Middle Eastern, Asian and North African societies. Edward Said’s publication Orientalism (1978), talks about the European Orientals drawing a line between them and the orients. The images we’ve inherited of those from the Middle East dates back to the times of the European travelers who explored many countries including the middle east and informed others using paintings, poems and stories.
In his concluding remarks, Said delves further into the reasoning behind the futility of a positive view of Arab life in the West. His remaining comments include that his experiences as a person of Arab descent are what motivated him to write about Orientalism in the first place. For someone who is so directly and negatively affected by Western perceptions of the Arab world and the Orient altogether, his analysis is a fairly objective and sophisticated view of Orientalism. Perhaps it is because of his experiences with lifelong stereotypes and the apparent dichotomy of Western and Eastern approaches to the subject. His final comment is somewhat of a plea to the reader in the hopes that if a greater understanding of the topic is derived from reading, then an unlearning of the processes of cultural domination can conceivably begin.