Organizational Commitment

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Committed Employee pages 2 Both terms ‘Organizational Commitment’ and ‘Employee Commitment’ come from the same term and concept of commitment as described earlier in his study. Angle and Perry (Mar., 1981) have also summarized and stated the concept of commitment as The term “Commitment” has been used, for example, to describe such diverse phenomena as the willingness of social actors to give their energy and loyalty to social system (Kanter, 1968), for awareness of the impossibilities of costing a different social identity or of rejecting a particular expectation, under force of penalty (Stebbins, 1970), or an affective attachment to an organization apart from the purely instrumental worth of the relationship (Buchanan, 1974). Although, generally both the terms ‘Organization Commitment’ and ‘Employee Commitment’ are synonymously used by researchers but there is difference. As stated early in this chapter the employee commitment is connected with a number of entities and organization may be one of those entities. Becker et al, (1996) has pointed out the foci of the commitment with a non conventional view of commitment. The non conventional view constructs from the multiple dimensions of commitment. Evidences have shown to view employee commitment as having multiple foci and bases. Foci of the commitment are the attachment of an employee to an individual as well as a group. (Reichers, 1985) The basic of commitment however are the motives engendering attachment of employees to such foci, as professions (Gouldner, 1958) and unions (Gordon, Beauvais, & Ladd.1984), as well as to organizations. (Mowday et al., 1982) Researchers have also identified other motives such as career of the empl... ... middle of paper ... ... 24, 285-308. O’Reilly, C., III, & Chatman, J. (1986). Organizational commitment and psychological attachment: The effects of compliance , identification, and internalization on pro-social behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71, 492-499. Abdel-Halim, A.A. (1981). A reexamination of ability as a moderator of role perception-satisfaction relationship. Personnel Psychology, 34, 549-561. Jones, F.F., Scarpello, V., & Bergmann, T. (1999). Pay procedures - What makes them fair? Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 72(2), 129-145. Scarpello, V., & Jones, F.F. (1996). Why justice matters in compensation decision making. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 17, 285-299. Balfour, D., & Wechsler, B. (1996). Organizational commitment: Antecedents and outcomes in public organizations. Public Productivity and Management Review, 29, 256-277.
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