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Organic Petrology and Maturation of the Bakken Formation

This document describes in detail the organic petrology and maturation of the Bakken Formation located in the Williston Basin. This report is organized into five sections. Section I will introduce the Bakken Formation in reference with the Williston Basin. It will also address sedimentary and structural aspects of the Bakken Formation. Section II outlines the processes that formed the Bakken Formation that occurred during the Devonian/Mississippian age. Section III will summarize organic components and influence within the Bakken Formation. Furthermore Section IV will address the nature of inorganic constinuents that influence the Bakken Formation. Section V will discuss production history and current production of oil and gas found within the Bakken Formation. This report concludes in Section VI with a complete analysis of the Bakken Formation summarizing the four main sections of this paper.

I. The Bakken Formation, an Introduction

The Bakken Formation is a clastic unit measuring to be around 45 meters thick that stretches across the Williston Basin that was deposited during the Late Devonian to the Early Mississippian. The Bakken Formation consists of three primary members that onlap (in some places lower member is absent due to non-deposition or over step of the middle member); the upper, middle, and lower members. Both the upper and lower members within the Bakken Formation are black shales (Jiang, 2001). The black shales in the upper and lower members formed offshore in anoxic condtinos. The shales in the upper and lower members of the Bakken Formation are composed of hard silicous and pyritic components (Webster, 1984). These members are also fissile and non calcareous and contain numerous amounts of conodonts and oth...

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...f Petroleum Engineers, DOI: 10.2118/90697-MS.

Julie A. LeFever, Carole D. Martiniuk, Edward F.R. Dancsok, Paul A. Mahnic, 2013, Petroleum Potential of the Middle Member, Bakken Formation, Williston Basin, Sixth International Williston Basin Symposium, p. 74-88.

McCabe, H.R., 1966, Tectonic framework of Paleozoic formations in Manitoba, Anuual Western Meeting. CIM. Calgary, Trasnactions, v. LXX, p. 180-189.

LeFever, Julia A., 2013, History of Oil Production from the Bakken Formation, North Dakota.

Stuart Alan Cox, David Cook, Kenneth Dunek, Gerald R. Daniels, Connie Jo Jump, Robert David Barree, 2008, Unconventional Resource Play Evaluation: A Look at the Bakken Shale Play of North Dakota, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

S. Zargari, S. D. Mohaghegh, 2010, Field Development Strategies for the Bakken Shale Formation, National Energy Technology Laboratory.
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