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Organ Donation

Satisfactory Essays
Organ donation is a process used by medical experts to transplant an organ from Donor to recipients who needs it (Mathew & Chapman 2006). There are two types of donating organs; living and after Donor’s death donation. Hence organs that can be transplanted are kidney, liver, thymus, Heart, pancreas, intestine and lung (Stevens, Lymn and Glass 2008). These organ donations can be transplanted to recipients from young to old age. However, there are significant bioethical issues surrounding organ donation; these include religious reasons, transmission of aids/diseases, rejection of organ in the recipients body, death of patient or donor during/after surgical operation, Xenotransplantation issue, physical and financial exploitation and consent of individual/guardianship for organ donation. Australia should not have an opt-out system due to issues with consent when donating organs and religious reasons. Many religions such as Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Hinduism accept organ donation. However, some Religious practices (example Shinto and Gypsies) disapprove organ donation. For example, the Shinto religion states that organs are important in the hereafter (ed. Healey 2011). Cloning organs identically to recipient’s genotype is another method that prevents rejection of organ, however, some religions disapprove, as they believe that only God can create species and their internal body function (Cameron and Hoffenberg 1999). Thus, this shows that there are some religious grounds that disapproves organ donation and organ clone, which raises heavy concerns of having fewer donors in society. Organ rejection and transmission of diseases during and after surgical operation increases bioethical issue surrounding organ donation. Rejectio... ... middle of paper ... ...also argue that opt-out system requires consent from individuals/families when donating organs and opt-out system reduces the mortality rate and waiting lists for recipients in Australia (Delriviere & Boronovskis, 2011). In conclusion, Mathew & Chapman (2006) defined organ donation as transplanting an organ from a healthy donor into the recipient whose organs are not functioning efficiently. However, there are variety of bioethical issues surrounding organ donation; these include rejection of organ in the recipient’s body, religious reasons, death of patient or donor during/after surgical operation, transmission of aids/diseases, and consent of individual/guardianship for organ donation, physical and financial exploitation of organ donation and Xenotransplantation issue. Due to bioethical issues, Australia does not require opt-out system regarding organ donations.