During the beginning of World War II, Niels Bohr offered German-Jewish physicists refuge at the University of Copenhagen. Many of the physicists then fled to the United States in search of a safer refuge from the Germans. Denmark became occupied by Germany on April 9, 1940.... ... middle of paper ... ...ven his son Aage N. Bohr, was awarded the 1975 Nobel Peace Prize for Physics for the collective model of the atomic nucleus. His Quantum theory and atomic model are both huge impacts in the world of modern chemistry and physics. Even to the day Niels Bohr died on November 18, 1962 he was dedicated to his Open-World Vision on the safety of atomic power between nations.
He completed his first degree at the University of New Zealand and began teaching at a school in New Zealand, where he taught unruly pupils. He later got a scholarship to Cambridge University, where he became J.J Thomson’s first graduate student at the newly open Cavendish Laboratory. After that he began to experiment with radio waves and later on went to join Thomson’s investigation of conducting electricity through gases. However, after breakthroughs by Marie Curie and Henri Becquerel in the field of radioactivity he turned his attention to this branch. In 1898, Marie Curie (Polish physicist) and Pierre Curie (French physicist) were one of the first scientists to isolate radium and polonium from pitchblende (uraninite).
Four survived to adult hood, and one, Aage, would soon be known as a physics scientist well as his father. 1916 Niels Bohr, after teaching at Manchester’s Victoria University, settled again at the University of Copenhagen as a professor. Bohr went to work with a lot of scientist who interested in the research on nuclear fission during the 1930s, to which he co... ... middle of paper ... ...this fire inside of them a desire so big that it didn’t matter what it took. The entire family helped each other on what every needed helping or improving. It’s pretty amazing to read about all these achievements that they all made and how many people look up to not only Niels Bohr but the entire family.
Bohr and his family grew up in an atmosphere that helped the development of his knowledge. His father was largely responsible for awakening his interest in physics while, his mother came from a family well known in the field of education. After Gammelholm Grammar School in 1903, he entered Copenhagen University where He won a gold medal from the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences for his theoretical analysis of vibrations of water jets as a means of determining surface tension. He received his Master's degree from the University of Copenhagen in 1909 and his doctorate in 1911 with a thesis Studies on the electron theory of metals. Bohr went to England to study with Sir J.J. Thomson at Cambridge.
Because of his father’s success, this is what inspired him to work harder and find solutions to physics and atomic theory. Heisenberg attended a school in Munich until the year 1920. He went to school to study physics, later on got his Ph.D., and then got a job as an assistant for Max Born. In 1941, he was given professor of physics at the University of Berlin. When Heisenberg was only 23 years old, he discovered
This school was soon to become one of the most prestigious theoretical physics schools in the world. The majority of the best American theoretical physicists who grew up in those years were trained by Oppenheimer at one state of their lives. Many were his graduate students, others came to him as Post-doctor... ... middle of paper ... ...e of the destructive bombs, his punishment for doing so, and the amends made to him, let the people of both the United States and the rest of the world realize how destructive atomic bombs can be on a wide scale. Oppenheimer is a large reason why, after World War II, there has been no nuclear warfare. Julius Robert Oppenheimer is the most prominent person of the twentieth century.
Shortly after this, he fell in love with Mary Newton. The couple married in 1900 and had a daughter named Eileen soon after. In 1894, he was granted another scholarship to attend Trinity College, Cambridge, to work with J.J. Thomson, the man who discovered the electron. He was the first research student at Trinity and in his first research assignment he uncovered a more efficient way of detecting radio waves than that of Heinrich Hertz. After hearing of his success on this work, Thomson invited Rutherford to study the effects of x-rays on the conductivity of gasses with their research being centered on the splitting of atoms and molecules into ions.
In the early 1900’s Niels Bohr was a valued physicist because he made initial contributions to understanding atomic structure and the quantum theory. According to the source Niels, Bohr wrote 115 publications. “Three appearing as books in the English language may be mentioned here as embodying his principal thoughts: The Theory of Spectra and Atomic Constitution, University Press, Cambridge, 1922/2nd. ed., 1924; Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature, University Press, Cambridge, 1934/reprint 1961; The Unity of Knowledge, Doubleday & Co., New York, 1955.” Niels Bohr discovered the atomic structure. The concept he believed in was that the physical properties on an atomic level would be viewed different...
Later in 1908, he became a lecturer at the University of Bern. Then eventually in 1909, he became a physics teacher back at the University of Bern. As you can see, Einstein had a very busy academic life. By this time, Einstein’s incredible knowledge had attracted many scientists. In 1910, he became a professor at the German University, in Prague.
Richard P. Feynman was born in 1918 in Brooklyn; in 1942 he received his Ph.D. from Princeton. Already displaying his brilliance, Feynman played an important role in the development of the atomic bomb through his work in the Manhattan Project. In 1945 he became a physics teacher at Cornell University, and in 1950 he became a professor at the California Institute of Technology. He, along with Sin-Itero and Julian Schwinger, received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965 for his work in the field of quantum electrodynamics. Another great achievement of Dr. Feynman’s was the creation of a mathematical theory that accounts for the phenomenon of super fluidity in liquid helium.